2060 Mediterranean cyclone season summary

Season summary

 The 2060 Mediterranean cyclone season was a very active season. It ran year-round, with most storms forming between June and November. 21 depressions formed, of which 17 became named storms. 10 of the named storms became hurricanes, and 5 became majors. Since the Mediterranean is surrounded by land, every storm except for a few depressions affected land.

The most destructive storms of the season were Gillian, Isabel, Jake, and Miranda. Gillian struck Sicily at C3 strength and Italy at C2 strength. Isabel was the strongest of the season, reaching C5 strength. It also struck Sicily at C2 strength and passed south of Sardinia as a C3. It then impacted the Balearic Islands at near peak intensity and struck Spain as a C3. The next destructive storm, Jake, passed near Montenegro as a C1 and impacted Venice as a C2. Miranda passed near Tunisia as a C2, passed near Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and southern France as a C3, and impacted northern Spain as a C2.

Season summary

The first depression, TD One, formed on February 27. Then, first named storm, Anna, formed on April 2. It was one of 2 storms to exist in April, the other one being TS Ben. After a break, the next storm, Christina, formed on May 30. It was the only May storm this season. In June, 4 storms existed, including Christina, which crossed over from May, and TD Five. 4 storms existed in July, including Edna which formed in June and crossed over to July. There were 4 storms in August, including TD Fourteen and the destructive Isabel. 3 storms existed in September, including the destructive Miranda. In October, there were 2 storms, Olga and Peter. In November, 1 storm, Rebecca, existed. Finally, in December, there was a single depression, TD 21. Over all, there were 21 storms in this season (including depressions), making it very above-average.


List of storms

Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
One 2060 track 
DurationFebruary 27 – February 28
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Formed from an area of disturbed weather in the central Mediterranean on February 27. It moved westward without strengthening and dissipated the next day. This depression didn't affect land.

Hurricane Anna

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Anna 2060 Anna 2060 track
DurationApril 2 – April 5
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather became a depression on April 2 north of Sicily. It moved northwestward and strengthened into TS Anna later that day. Anna continued northwestward as it gradually strengthened. It then made landfall in Corsica as a 65 mph TS. It weakened a little over land, but remained well organized. Anna strengthened into a C1 hurricane and reached a peak of 80 mph before making landfall near Monaco early on April 5. It rapidly weakened over the mountains of France before dissipating later that day. Anna caused $265 million in damage and killed 24 people.

Tropical Storm Ben

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ben 2060 Ben 2060 track
DurationApril 20 – April 23
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

An area of low pressure in the central Mediterranean became a depression on April 20. It strengthened into TS Ben that night. Ben moved northwestward and reached a peak of 60 mph on April 22. Wind shear started to rapidly weaken it, and it became a depression early on April 23. Ben made landfall in southern Italy and dissipated later that day. Ben caused minimal damage.

Hurricane Christina

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Christina 2060 track 
DurationMay 30 – June 4
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  954 mbar (hPa)
 An area of disturbed weather became a depression on May 30 north of Tunisia. It then strengthened into TS Christina that night. Christina gradually strengthened, and it became a hurricane early on June 1. It reached its peak intensity on June 2 as a C3 with winds of 120 mph. It was between the Balearic Islands and Algeria at that time. Christina started to weaken as it turned slightly southwestward. It then dissipated early on June 5 just north of the Algeria-Morocco border. Christina's remnants made landfall in northeastern Morocco later that day. Christina caused minimal damage. 

Tropical Depression Five

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Five 2060 track 
DurationJune 7 – June 8
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)
 On June 7, a low pressure area became a depression southwest of Cyprus. It moved westward without strengthening and dissipated the next day. Five didn't affect land.

Hurricane Daniel

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Daniel 2060 Daniel 2060 track
DurationJune 17 – June 21
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)
 An area of disturbed weather became a depression on the evening of June 17 southwest of Greece. It strengthened into TS Daniel early the next day. It continued to strengthen as it moved westward. Daniel became a hurricane early on June 19 southeast of Sicily. It then reached its peak intensity as a C2 with winds of 105 mph that night south of Sicily. Daniel started to weaken, and it made landfall in Tunisia the evening of June 20 as a TS. It dissipated early the next day. Daniel caused $9 million in damage and 1 death.

Tropical Storm Edna

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Edna 2060 Edna 2060 track
DurationJune 30 – July 2
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)
 Formed from a low pressure area on June 30 south of France. It moved slowly north and strengthened into a TS early the next day. Edna continued north and reached its peak of 50 mph before making landfall near Sète early on July 2. It dissipated later that day. Edna caused $4 million in damage and no deaths.

Tropical Storm Fabian

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Fabian 2060 track 
DurationJuly 9 – July 12
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  992 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather west of Greece became a depression late on July 9. It strengthened into TS Fabian early the next day. Fabian moved north-northwestward as it gradually strengthened. It reached a peak of 65 mph before making landfall in southern Italy the morning of July 11. Fabian then emerged into the Adriatic Sea later that day and made a second landfall north of Pescara on June 12. It dissipated that night. Fabian caused $17 million in damage and 2 deaths.

Hurricane Gillian

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gillian 2060 Gillian 2060 track
DurationJuly 15 – July 22
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)
 Formed south of Turkey on July 15. It strengthened as it moved westward, and it passed near Crete as a C1. Gillian then peaked as 150 mph C4 before it made landfall in northeastern Sicily as a C3. It emerged back over water as a C2, and it turned north and restrengthened to C3 status before making landfall near Rome, Italy as a C2. It rapidly weakened over the mountains of Italy and dissipated on July 22. Gillian caused $6 billion dollars in damage and 237 deaths along its path.

Tropical Storm Hector

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hector 2060 track 
DurationJuly 26 – July 28
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)
 Formed between Sicily and Tunisia on July 26. It strengthened into TS Hector and reached a peak of 45 mph before making landfall in Sardinia on July 28. It dissipated over the island. Hector caused minimal damage and 1 death.

Hurricane Isabel

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Donald 1981 Isabel 2060 track
DurationAugust 2 – August 9
Peak intensity160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min)  925 mbar (hPa)
 An area of disturbed weather became a depression north of Libya on August 2. It later strengthened into TS Isabel, and it became a hurricane as it approached Sicily. Isabel strengthened further into a C2 before making landfall in western Sicily on August 4. It weakened over land, but remained well organized. Isabel then turned west and started to strengthen again. It passed near Sardinia as a C3. Isabel reached C5 status and made landfall in the Balearic Islands at that intensity, causing catastrophic damage to the area. It started to weaken as it approached Spain. Isabel then made landfall in Spain as a C3 hurricane. It rapidly weakened over land and dissipated on August 9. Isabel caused $34 billion dollars in damage and 1,267 deaths throughout its path.

Hurricane Jake

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Jake 2060 track 
DurationAugust 7 – August 12
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  954 mbar (hPa)
 Formed on August 7 west of Greece from an area of low pressure. It moved north as it strengthened. Jake passed between southwest Italy and Greece as a strong TS. It then strengthened into a hurricane as it was affecting Montenegro. Turning northwestward, it quickly strengthened to its peak intensity of 120 mph in the Adriatic Sea. Jake made landfall near Venice, Italy as a C1/C2, and dissipated on August 12. Jake caused $12 billion in damage and 56 deaths.

Tropical Storm Kim

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kim 2060 track 
DurationAugust 17 – August 19
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)
On August 17, a tropical depression formed south of Turkey. It strengthened into TS Kim later that day. Kim moved northwestward as it gradually strengthened. It then reached its peak of 60 mph before it made landfall in Greece on August 19. It dissipated later that day. Kim caused $2 million in damage and killed 3.

Tropical Depression Fourteen

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Fourteen 2060 track 
DurationAugust 28 – August 29
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)
 A depression formed late on August 28 west of Israel. It made landfall in Israel and dissipated the next day. It caused minimal damage.

Hurricane Lee

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lee 2060 Lee 2060 track
DurationSeptember 5 – September 8
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)
 Formed on September 5 between the Balearic Islands and Sardinia. It moved northeastward, and passed near Corsica while strengthening into a hurricane. Lee then made landfall near Genoa, Italy as a C1 and dissipated on September 8 over Italy. Lee caused $125 million in damage and 16 deaths.

Hurricane Miranda

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Miranda 2060 Miranda 2060 track
DurationSeptember 12 – September 22
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  934 mbar (hPa)
 Affected Malta as a TS, passed near Tunisia and Sicily as a C2, affected Italy as a C3, Corsica as a C3/C4, southern France as a C3, and made landfall in northeast Spain as a C2. Miranda caused $21 billion in damage and killed 445 people.

Tropical Storm Norman

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Norman 2060 track 
DurationSeptember 26 – September 28
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)
 Formed north of Libya, and moved west-southwestward. It then made landfall near Tripoli as a TS. Norman caused minimal damage.

Hurricane Olga

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Olga 2060 track 
DurationOctober 8 – October 12
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)
 Affected the Pitiusic Islands as a TS, Spain as a C1, and made landfall in Morocco as a TD. Olga caused $235 million in damage and killed 31 people. 

Tropical Storm Peter

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Peter 2060 track 
DurationOctober 21 – October 23
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)
 Formed north of Sicily and made landfall near Rome, Italy as a TS. Peter caused minimal damage and 1 death.

Hurricane Rebecca

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Rebecca 2060 Rebecca 2060 track
DurationNovember 14 – November 17
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  979 mbar (hPa)
 Affected the Balearic Islands as a TS/C1 and made landfall in Spain as a C1. Rebecca caused $105 million in damage and killed 16 people.

Tropical Depression Twenty-One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Twenty-One 2060 track 
DurationDecember 24 – December 25
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)
 Formed on December 24 in the central Mediterranean from an area of disturbed weather. It moved northwestward without strengthening and dissipated the next day. Twenty-One didn't affect land.

Storm names

The following names were used to name tropical cyclones this year. All of these names were used for the first time, since in the Mediterranean there are new name lists each year. Four names in the main list were not used during the course of the year.

  • Anna
  • Ben
  • Christina
  • Daniel
  • Edna
  • Fabian
  • Gillian
  • Hector
  • Isabel
  • Jake
  • Kim
  • Lee
  • Miranda
  • Norman
  • Olga
  • Peter
  • Rebecca
  • Steven (unused)
  • Tanya (unused)
  • Victor (unused)
  • Whitney (unused)

Auxiliary list

If this season exhausted the main list, an auxiliary list would have been used. This is the list:

  • Alan (unused)
  • Betsy (unused)
  • Chris (unused)
  • Delia (unused)
  • Edouard (unused)
  • Fina (unused)
  • Gonzalo (unused)
  • Hilary (unused)
  • Ian (unused)
  • Jane (unused)

Season effects

This is a table of the storms and their effects in the 2060 Mediterranean cyclone season. This table includes the storm's names, duration, peak intensity, areas affected, damages, and death totals. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2060 USD (the listed damage figure is in millions).

2060 Mediterranean tropical cyclone statistics
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
mph (km/h)
Areas affected Damage


One February 27 – February 28 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1006 None None
Anna April 2 – April 5 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 978 Corsica, Sardinia, France, Italy 265 24 
Ben April 20 – April 23 Tropical storm 60 (95) 994 Italy Minimal
Christina May 30 – June 4 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 954 Algeria, Morocco Minimal
Five June 7 – June 8 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1004 None None
Daniel June 17 – June 21 Category 2 hurricane 105 (165) 963 Sicily, Tunisia 9
Edna June 30 – July 2 Tropical storm 50 (85) 996 France 4
Fabian July 9 – July 12 Tropical storm 65 (100) 992 Italy 17
Gillian July 15 – July 22 Category 4 hurricane 150 (240) 936 Crete, Sicily, Italy 6,000 237 
Hector July 26 – July 28 Tropical storm 45 (75) 997 Sicily, Tunisia, Sardinia Minimal
Isabel August 2 – August 9 Category 5 hurricane 160 (260) 925 Sicily, Sardinia, Balearic Islands, Spain 34,000 1,267 
Jake August 7 – August 12 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 954 Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Italy 12,000 56 
Kim August 17 – August 19 Tropical storm 60 (95) 996 Crete, Greece 2
Fourteen August 28 – August 29 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1005 Israel Minimal
Lee September 5 – September 8 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 982 Corsica, Italy 125 16 
Miranda September 12 – September 22 Category 4 hurricane 150 (240) 934 Malta, Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, France, Spain 21,000 445 
Norman September 26 – September 28 Tropical storm 50 (85) 997 Libya Minimal
Olga October 8 – October 12 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 980 Balearic Islands, Spain, Morocco 235 31 
Peter October 21 – October 23 Tropical storm 60 (95) 995 Sicily, Italy Minimal
Rebecca November 14 – November 17 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 979 Balearic Islands, Spain 105 16 
Twenty-One December 24 – December 25 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1006 None None 0
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