The 2010 Great Lakes hurricane season was a slightly below average season of tropical and subtropical cyclone activity in the Great Lakes, the season officially began on May 15 and ended on November 15, the season's most notable storms were Daphne which struck Minnesota and Fern which struck Canada as a category three and four respectively.
Tropical Storm Amir
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||June 6 – June 8|
|Peak intensity||50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 1001 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Tropical Storm Amir (2010) A area of low pressure organized over Lake Michigan and began to organize as it approached landfall would intensify into a tropical depression the 6th of June, the depression would cross into Lake Superior where it would intensify into a tropical storm in which it was named Amir early on the 7th, intensification would continue throughout the day although dry air and moderately strong wind shear would keep intensification down to a minimum, Amir would make landfall in Minnesota by the evening, weakening would ensue rather quickly with Amir dissipating over the United States in the early morning hours of June 8th, minimum damage was reported, and 3 people died in Michigan with another 5 dying in Minnesota, bringing the total up to 8 fatalities, 2 people were injured inland after a EF1 tornado struck their home.
Subtropical Storm Bella
|Subtropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||June 20 – June 21|
|Peak intensity||40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min) 998 mbar (hPa)|
An area of low pressure crossed into Lake Huron from Lake Erie and slowly organized as it remained stationary, movement to the west would begin as the system continued to organize being designated a subtropical storm and was named Bella was a result on the 20th of June, Bella would begin to undergo transition into a post-tropical cyclone by the 21st Bella would fully transition to a post-tropical cyclone, only minimal damage was reported, and no fatalities were confirmed to be directly linked to Bella.
Tropical Storm Curt
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||July 31 – August 1|
|Peak intensity||50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 996 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Tropical Storm Curt (2010) A area of low pressure crossed into Lake Michigan from Lake Huron and rapidly organized into a tropical storm receiving the name Curt as a result, Curt would remain disorganized as it made landfall in Illinois, Curt would weaken to a tropical depression later that day and dissipate early the following, minimal damage was reported, although two people died along the coastline.
|Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)|
|Duration||August 13 – August 16|
|Peak intensity||120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min) 949 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Hurricane Daphne A area of low pressure crossed into Lake Superior on the 12th and began heading in an eastward direction as it interacted with a shortwave trough, the system would intensify into a tropical depression and then a tropical storm on 13th of August obtaining the name Daphne, the storm would change course to a westerly direction and towards favorable conditions, the following day Daphne would intensify into a category one hurricane and then a category two hurricane later in the day, on the 15th Daphne would intensify into category three major hurricane before making landfall in Minnesota, weakening would ensue as Daphne made landfall, though weakening would quicken as Daphne headed inland, the storm would turn post-tropical early on the 16th, damage along coastal Minnesota was quite severe with 6 people dying along the coast alone, Daphne dealt a total of 2.0 billion dollars in damages and killed 16 people in total along with one indirect death after a Canadian swimmer drowned after being caught in a rip current.
Tropical Storm Ellis
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||August 30 – September 1|
|Peak intensity||40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min) 994 mbar (hPa)|
An area of low pressure developed from an area of thunderstorms and began to slowly organize throughout the day, the system would struggle to produce convection as it slowly moved to the east, despite this a convective burst led to the development of a tropical depression on the 30th of August, the depression would continue to organize throughout the day, the following morning the depression would be upgraded to a tropical storm and named Ellis, Ellis would peak as a minimal tropical storm by the afternoon as it began to succumb to shear, the storm would maintain intensity overnight as it trekked to the north and then the northwest and towards Michigan, Ellis would weaken to a tropical depression the following morning, weakening could continue as it entrained drier air in it's certain, by the evening advisories were discontinued on Ellis, no damage was reported and 2 teens were killed after winds caused a dead tree to fall on them, killing them instantly.
|Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)|
|Duration||September 9 – September 12|
|Peak intensity||130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min) 954 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Hurricane Fern A area of low pressure develop in Lake Michigan from a area of disturbed weather, the system would rapidly organize as it turned to the northwest, becoming a tropical storm by the afternoon on the 9th and would receive the name Fern, Fern would continue to organize throughout the night, the following day Fern would be upgraded to a hurricane as an eye rapidly cleared out, Fern would continue to organize peaking as a category four hurricane, before it make landfall on Michigan, weakening to a category three no long after, overnight Fern would cross into Lake Superior where it would weaken further making landfall in Minnesota later in the day as a category one hurricane, Fern would weaken into a tropical storm as it became evening and then a tropical depression the following morning degenerating into a remnant low on the 12th, 15.5 billion dollars in damages was dealt as a result from Fern, 12 people died in Michigan due to the storm surge, 3 people died in coastal Minnesota and additional 2 people died further inland, leaving the total death toll at 17.
Tropical Storm Gavin
|Tropical storm (SSHWS)|
|Duration||October 6 – October 8|
|Peak intensity||50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 993 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Tropical Storm Gavin (2010) A area of low pressure crossed into Lake Superior from Lake Michigan and began to organize rapidly becoming a tropical depression the 8th of October and a tropical storm not long after which earned it the name Gavin, Gavin would continue to organize throughout the day reaching its peak intensity the following day, also during the day Gavin would make landfall in Canada, weakening would ensue not long after and Gavin would weaken to a tropical depression, the next day the now tropical depression Gavin would degenerate into an open area of low pressure, damage was reported to be minimal though some severe damage was surveyed along the coast, moderate beach erosion occurred according to surveys and a total of 3 people died in Canada as a result from Gavin.
|Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)|
|Duration||October 13 – October 16|
|Peak intensity||80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 977 mbar (hPa)|
Main Article:Hurricane Hallie (2010) A area of low pressure crossed into Lake Superior from Lake Michigan early on the 13th of October and quickly organized into a tropical depression as it headed west toward Minnesota, though its broad nature would slow intensification as would an increase in unfavorable conditions preventing convection from covering the depression's center, nonetheless the system would become a tropical storm and was named Hallie as organization improved, the system would continue to organize throughout the following day as it approached landfall in Minnesota, with an eye appearing on microwave imagery and increased banding the storm would be upgraded to a hurricane, Hallie would continue to organize peaking as a moderate category one hurricane, making landfall in Minnesota by the afternoon for the remainder of the day Hallie would slowly move inland as it weakened to a tropical storm, Hallie would weaken to a tropical depression the following morning, disorganization would persist throughout the following day though due to the brown ocean effect Hallie would keep going as a tropical depression, til the 16th of October when it would degenerate into a remnant low, Hallie's remnants would be absorbed by a cold front the following day, a total of 2.0 billion dollars in damages was dealt in total from Hallie, 5 people died along coastal Minnesota as storm surge caused a basement to flood which drowned a family of five, 14 people would die further inland after a EF3 tornado struck a trailer park, 4 people were also injured, as a depression Hallie would go on to kill an additional 2 people after a EF1 tornado flung their pickup truck and flung it 5.3 miles from where it had been picked up, leaving the death toll from Hallie at 21.
This was the list of names used to name tropical and subtropical cyclones in the Great Lakes during 2010, any names not retired from this list will be used in 2016, in Spring of 2011 the Great Lakes Hurricane Committee retired the names Daphne and Fern due to the damages they caused, the names Dahlia and Florencia were chosen for 2016.
List for 2010
- Israel (unused)
- Jaycelyn (unused)
- Korrie (unused)
- Lila (unused)
- Mason (unused)
- Nikole (unused)
- Oleg (unused)
- Patsy (unused)
- Robby (unused)
- Stephanie (unused)
- Tucker (unused)
- Vanessa (unused)
- Wade (unused)