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2019-20 Northern European cyclone season
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedNovember 11
Last system dissipatedCurrently Active
Strongest storm
NameEvelina
 • Maximum winds155 mph (250 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure923 mbar (hPa; 27.26 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions15
Total storms15
Hurricanes8
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
5
Total fatalitiesUnknown
Total damageUnknown
Atlantic hurricane seasons

The 2019-20 Northern European cyclone season is an ongoing event in the annual formation of tropical cyclones in the Northern European region, particularly in the North Sea and Baltic Sea. The season will officially begin on November 1, 2019, and end on April 30, 2020. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Northern European basin and are adopted by convention. However, tropical cyclogenesis is possible at any time of the year

Seasonal Forecasts

Predictions for the 2019-20 Northern European cyclone season
Source Date Named
storms
Cyclones Super
Cyclones
FRMC October 30, 2019 12-17 4-8 2-5
HHC November 1, 2019 11-16 3-8 1-3
LCA November 1, 2019 13-17 5-10 2-6
DHC November 1, 2019 10-15 0-4 0-2
LTCA November 6, 2019 11-16 3-7 0-2
AHC January 24, 2020 11-13 3-4 0-2
WSHA February 13, 2020 16 7 4
Actual activity
8 4 3

Outlook

3-10-2020-Farm2
FARM RIVER METEOROLOGICAL CENTER
NORTHERN EUROPEAN BASIN
TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK
March 16, 2020
09:00 AM CEST

A new tropical low is located in the North Sea. The tropical low is currently
very disorganized and moving slowly northwestward. The tropical low is expected to
head towards the Arctic Ocean. 

* Formation chance through 48 hours...high...90 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...90 percent.

~FORECASTER FARM

Current Advisories

All advisories issued are found here: 2019-20 Northern European cyclone season/advisory archive

NHCPTCSymbol Post-Tropical Cyclone OLGA

...OLGA TURNED EXTRATROPICAL...THIS IS THE LAST ADVISORY...

11:00 CEST, March 19
Public Advisory

Location: North Sea

Moving: NW at 29 kph

Min pressure: 1009 mbar

Max sustained: 75 kph, 45 mph (1-min)


Timeline

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Systems

Cyclone Agnes

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
FarmAgnes 
DurationNovember 11 – November 22
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  954 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Bjørn

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
B j ø r n 
DurationNovember 30 – December 7
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  988 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Christa

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
ChristaFarm2019-20 
DurationDecember 24 – January 6
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  932 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Dmitriy

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
DmitriyFarm2019-20 
DurationJanuary 10 – January 18
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Evelina

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
EvelinaFarm2019-2 
DurationJanuary 10 – January 24
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  923 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Friedhelm

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
FriedhelmFarm2019 
DurationJanuary 18 – January 23
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Gracja

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
GracjaFarm2019 
DurationJanuary 24 – January 29
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Hans

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
HansFarm2019 
DurationFebruary 2 – February 6
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1005 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Irena

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
IrenaFarm2020 
DurationFebruary 6 – February 16
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Józef 

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
JozefFarm2020 
DurationFebruary 6 – February 15
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Karolina 

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
KarolinaFarm2020 
DurationFebruary 14 – February 20
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Leonid

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north 
DurationFebruary 22 – March 4
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

Cyclone Modestas

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north 
DurationFebruary 26 – March 7
Peak intensity140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Njord

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north 
DurationMarch 10 – March 14
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Subtropical Storm Olga

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north 
DurationMarch 17 – Currently Active
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1006 mbar (hPa)

Storm Names

  • Agnes
  • Bjørn
  • Christa
  • Dmitriy
  • Evelina
  • Friedhelm
  • Gracja
  • Hans
  • Irena
  • Józef
  • Karolina
  • Leonid
  • Modestas
  • Njord
  • Olga (active)
  • Przemysław (unused)
  • Roksana (unused)
  • Sergei (unused)
  • Tatjana (unused)
  • Veikko (unused)
  • Wendi (unused)

Season Effects

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
2019-20 Northern European cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths


Agnes November 11 – November 22 Category 3 hurricane 195 954 Lithuania, Poland, Denmark, Norway $4.2 million None
Bjørn November 30 – December 7 Tropical storm 85 988 Norway None None
Christa December 24 – January 6 Category 4 hurricane 240 932 United Kingdom $337 million 11
Dmitriy January 10 - January 18 Category 2 hurricane 155 975 Norway $112 million 3
Evelina January 12 - January 14 Category 4 hurricane 250 923 Denmark, Netherlands, Germamy, Poland, Lithuania, Russia, Latvia, Sweden, Finland $345 million 14
Friedhelm January 18 - January 21 Tropical storm 85 994 United Kingdom, Norway $22 million 2
Gracja January 24 - January 29 Tropical storm 85 994 United Kingdom, Norway $23 million 3
Hans February 2 - February 6 Tropical storm 65 1005 Poland, Sweden Minimal None
Irena February 6 - February 16 Category 3 hurricane 185 965 Poland, Germany, Sweden, Finland $65 million 22
Józef February 7 - February 15 Category 2 hurricane 165 976 Norway, Belgium, Netherlands $14 million 4
Karolina February 14 - February 20 Tropical storm 95 984 Lithuania, Sweden Minimal None
Leonid February 22 - March 4 Category 2 hurricane 155 965 Lithuania, Poland, Sweden, Denmark, United Kingdom, Ireland $600 million 56
Modestas February 27 - March 7 Category 4 hurricane 220 945 Sweden, Poland, Germany, Lithuania $2.6 billion 34
Njord March 10 - March 14 Tropical storm 85 1003 None None None
Olga March 17 - Currently Active Tropical storm 75 1006 None None None
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