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The 2019 Atlantic Hurricane Season was an above average season, spawning 16 named storms. However, cooler water temperatures only allowed for two major hurricanes (one of them was not even a major until the post analysis). This season was a deadly one, with Hurricane Andrea devastating the Caribbean and East Coast. The season ended with Tropical Storm Pablo, which dissipated on October 27.

Storm Names:

  • Andrea
  • Barry
  • Chantal
  • Dorian
  • Erin
  • Fernand
  • Gabrielle
  • Humberto
  • Imelda
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Melissa
  • Nestor
  • Olga
  • Pablo
  • Rebekah
  • Sebastian
  • Tanya
  • Van
  • Wendy

wikipedia:Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale


Storms

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Charley 13 aug 2004 1635Z Andrea2019
DurationJuly 5 – July 19
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Andrea

Andrea was one of the deadliest Atlantic Storms on record. It caused about 8,500 fatalities. It formed as a weak depression, and was expected not to develop. Andrea was named on July 6, however. It then moved towards the Caribbean, and became a hurricane as it moved under Puerto Rico. It then moved almost directly over the caribbean, fluctuating between C1 and C2 status. It then entered the Gulf of Mexico, peaking as a C3 (originally a high end C2 until post analysis) for its landfall on Florida. It moved quickly over Florida, and slowed down as it moved up the east coast, drenching the Carolinas and nearby states with record rainfall. It then made an unexpected landfall on New York on July 17. It moved inland before dissipating near the US-Canada border. Andrea caused $5.1 billion in damages.

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Beta 29 oct 2005 1840Z Barry2019
DurationJuly 13 – July 20
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Barry

Barry formed on July 13 and headed west. It made landfall in Central America on July 17 as a category 1 hurricane. It brought moderate rainfall to nearby countries and dissolved on July 20. Barry caused 30 fatalities and $1 million in damage.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Jerry 24 sept 2007 1259Z Chantal2019
DurationJuly 28 – July 30
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Chantal

Chantal formed from a strong system north of the Bahamas on July 28. It moved northward and dissolved near North Carolina on July 30. Chantal caused no injuries or damages.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Olga2007 Dorian2019
DurationAugust 2 – August 5
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  991 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Dorian

Dorian was an odd Tropical Storm that formed seemingly out of nowhere (no AOI) on August 2. It moved over the Yucatan, and made another landfall on Mexico. Dorian caused 5 fatalities and $4.8 million in damage.

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane fabian 2003 Erin2019
DurationAugust 9 – August 17
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Erin

Erin formed from a Tropical Wave on August 9, and was named that evening. It peaked as a high end category 4 hurricane (originally a C5 until post analysis) in open waters. It then dissolved south of Greenland on August 17. The remnants caused 2 fatalities in Iceland when the rainfall caused a landslide.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gabrielle 09 sept 2007 1625Z Fernand2019
DurationAugust 12 – August 15
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Fernand

Fernand was a TS that formed in the Central Atlantic on August 12. It made landfall in North Carolina at peak intensity on August 14 and dissolved the next day. Fernand caused 11 fatalities and $500,000 in damage.

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Karen 26 sept 2007 1220Z Gabrielle2019
DurationAugust 17 – August 22
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gabrielle

Gabrielle was a minimal hurricane that did not impact land. It formed on August 17 and dissolved on August 22.

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Florence 09 sept 1988 2203Z Humberto2019
DurationAugust 29 – September 3
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Humberto

Humberto was a very costly hurricane that impacted Florida and Louisiana. It formed on August 29 and crossed over Florida. It formed over the Dominican Republic on August 29, and moved over Florida as a TS. It then began to rapidly intensify, despite forecasts stating it would weaken. It peaked as a C2 for its landfall in Louisiana, and brought an incredible storm surge. It moved inland and dissolved on September 3. Humberto caused 215 fatalities and $25 billion in damages.

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Noel 02 nov 2007 0015Z Imelda2019
DurationSeptember 4 – September 11
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Imelda

Imelda was a storm that was named the day after Humberto dissolved. After impacting the Bahamas, Imelda took a typical cape verde route and dissolved on September 11. Imelda caused 1 fatality.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Karen 28 August 1995 Jerry2019
DurationSeptember 9 – September 12
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1008 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Jerry

Jerry was originally meant to enter the caribbean and develop, possible into a major hurricane, but unexpected wind shear tore Jerry apart before it could reach the Antilles. Jerry dissolved on September 12 with no impacts.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Katrina1999sat Karen2019
DurationSeptember 10 – September 15
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Karen-Juliette

Karen was the first storm to pass into the East Pacific basin since 1996. It briefly peaked as a TS in that basin, being named Juliette. It then made landfall in Mexico, Dissolving on September 15. Karen caused 1 fatality, but Juliette caused 54 fatalities, causing that name to be retired.

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fred 2015-08-31 1215Z Lorenzo2019
DurationSeptember 18 – September 21
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Lorenzo

Lorenzo was a rare Cape Verde hurricane that passed by the islands. It then curved north and dissolved on September 21. It caused 1 indirect fatality in the islands.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Marco 6 oct 2008 Melissa2019
DurationSeptember 19 – September 24
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Melissa

Melissa was the first atlantic cyclone on record to develop in the Great Lakes. It formed as a depression in the Gulf of Mexico on September 19, and moved north into Alabama. It was forecast to quickly dissolve, but it hung on all the way into Lake Michigan, where a closed convection was noted. It was named Melissa. The very small cyclone made landfall in the Upper Penninsula on September 23 and dissolved the following day. Melissa caused 3 fatalities and $10 million in damage.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Candy on June 23, 1968 Nestor2019
DurationSeptember 28 – September 29
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1009 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nestor

Nestor was a normal Tropical Storm that made landfall on Texas, and dissolved the next day with minimal damages and no casualties.

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Nadine Sep 30 2012 1535Z Olga2019
DurationOctober 12 – October 23
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  967 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Olga

Hurricane Olga was one of the deadliest hurricanes to ever hit the Azores. It made landfall there as a C1, and moved very slowly over the islands. It stayed for about 3 days before moving east on October 21, and dissolved 2 days later. Due to the heavy rains and the storm surge, Olga caused 105 fatalities and $1.2 billion in damage.

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Florence Aug 4 2012 1530Z Pablo2019
DurationOctober 25 – October 27
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Pablo

The last named storm formed on October 25, and made landfall on Florida as a 50mph TS. It then moved into the atlantic and dissolved on October 27. Pablo caused no fatalities and minimal damage.

Storm Names

16 names were used this year.

Retirement

Due to their impacts, the NHC retired the names Andrea, Humberto, and Olga. They will be replaced with Alexa, Harry, and Olivia for the 2025 season.

Name list for 2025

  • Alexa
  • Barry
  • Chantal
  • Dorian
  • Erin
  • Fernand
  • Gabrielle
  • Harry
  • Imelda
  • Jerry
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Melissa
  • Nestor
  • Olivia
  • Pablo
  • Rebekah
  • Sebastian
  • Tanya
  • Van
  • Wendy
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