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2019 Pacific hurricane season (MK8 Andrew's version)
Complete 2019 epac mk8 andrew
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedFebruary 17, 2019
Last system dissipatedDecember 31, 2019
Strongest storm
NameHenriette
 • Maximum winds190 mph (305 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure894 mbar (hPa; 26.4 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions31
Total storms30
Hurricanes20
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
12
Total fatalitiesUnknown
Total damage$8.3 billion (2019 USD)
Pacific hurricane seasons

The 2019 Pacific hurricane season produced the highest number of tropical or subtropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes; and the second consecutive season to produce the highest Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) value on record in the Eastern Pacific basin. The season officially began on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the central Pacific; they both ended on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Pacific basin, however, the first Central Pacific storm formed on February 17, while the Eastern Pacific had it's earliest start on record on April 28 and latest end on record on December 31. In total, 30 storms formed, with 20 reaching hurricane strength and 12 reaching major hurricane strength. This including 25 storms forming east of 140W, with 17 becoming hurricanes and 11 reaching Category 3, also all records for this portion of the basin.

Seasonal Forecasts

Record Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
Average (1981–2010): 15.4 7.6 3.2
Record high activity: 1992: 27 2015: 16 2015: 11
Record low activity: 2010: 8 2010: 3 2003: 0
Date Source Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
May 23, 2019 NOAA 18–24 9–15 6–10
Area Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
Actual activity: EPAC 25 17 11
Actual activity: CPAC 5 3 1
Actual activity: 30 20 12

On May 23, 2019, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released its annual forecast, predicting a greater than 95% chance of an above-average season, in both the Eastern and Central Pacific basins, with a total of 18–24 named storms, 9–15 hurricanes, and 6–10 major hurricanes.. The reasoning was based on a strengthening and potential record-breaking El Niño, which reduces wind shear across the basin, as well as warmer than average sea surface temperatures in the main regions of development.

Video Summary

A Pacific Hypothetical Hurricane Season?! (2019)

A Pacific Hypothetical Hurricane Season?! (2019)

Season Summary

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale

The Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) for the 2019 hurricane season was 217.4375 units generated in the Eastern Pacific and 167.5875 units for the Central Pacific. The combined total was 385.0250, breaking the 2018 season's record by about 21%.

The 2019 season began early for both portions of the basin; with the formation of Tropical Storm Akoni on February 17 and Tropical Depression One-E on April 28. The two storms tied a record for the most preseason storms, set by 1992. Hurricane Cosme reached Category 3 intensity and became the first major hurricane on June 9. Hurricane Dalila made landfall on Mexico July 17 and was the first of two storms to cause at least $3 billion in damage, and Tropical Storm Erick made rare landfalls on El Salvador and Honduras.

July saw the formation of the first three of seven consecutive hurricanes of at least Category 4 strength, with the last storm, Henriette, lasting all throughout August and into September, setting a longevity record. In August, nine storms formed in total, tying a record for August set in 1968. Hurricane Juliette kept its tropical storm status into Arizona, the first since Nora in 1997, and Hurricane Mario survived crossing over into the Atlantic basin, the first since Tropical Depression 11-E in 2010.

September produced five additional storms, one of which went unnamed due to the Central Pacific Hurricane Center initially evaluating it as a subtropical storm throughout its lifespan. It was determined upon further review to have attained tropical storm status briefly and so was added to HURDAT. Hurricane Raymond became the first tropical storm since 1939 to make landfall on California, causing minor flooding in Los Angeles and San Diego. The last storm of the month, Tropical Storm Tico, spent its entire duration in the Gulf of California.

The hyperactivity would not wane as the season progressed toward its end. Three storms formed in October. Hurricane Velma brought high winds and substantial erosion to the coast of Alaska as a large extratropical storm. Hurricane Wallis became the fifth storm to prompt a Hurricane Watch or Warning for the Big Island of Hawaii, but unexpectedly decoupled while 150 miles east. Hurricane York, the first "Y"-named storm since 1992, formed on November 8 and intensified to a Category 5 in 48 hours, a record for the Eastern Pacific. It then struck Mexico as a Category 3 and caused $4.5 billion in damage. Tropical Storm Zelda would appear ten days after York.

December was the most active month ever for the basin, with three depressions and two storms. Hurricane Iona made history with a direct hit on Kiribati and then crossing the Equator into the Southern Pacific basin. No other storm worldwide has ever come closer to 1.4 degrees of latitude. Lastly, Tropical Storm Alpha was the record-breaking twenty-fifth tropical storm of the Eastern Pacific and the first ever to gain a Greek name. Alpha dissipated on December 31, the latest end to a season.

Systems

Hurricane Akoni

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Akoni 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationFebruary 17 – February 23
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Alvin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Alvin 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationApril 28 – May 3
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Barbara

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Barbara 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationMay 22 – May 28
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Cosme

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Cosme 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJune 4 – June 13
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Dalila

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Dalila 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJune 12 – June 17
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Erick

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Erick 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJune 26 – July 4
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Flossie

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Flossie 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJuly 10 – July 23
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Gil

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Gil 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJuly 22 – July 31
Peak intensity130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Henriette

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Henriette 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationJuly 31 – September 3 (extratropical after September 2)
Peak intensity190 mph (305 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Ivo

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Ivo 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 10 – August 21
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Juliette

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Juliette 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 12 – August 19
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Ema

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Ema 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 13 – August 31 (Exited basin August 19)
Peak intensity130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Kiko

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Kiko 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 19 – August 29
Peak intensity160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Lorena

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Lorena 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 22 – August 26
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Mario

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Mario 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 24 – September 4 (Exited basin August 27)
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Narda

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Narda 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 28 – September 2
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Hone

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Hone 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 29 – September 10 (exited basin September 9)
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Octave

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Octave 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationAugust 30 – September 16
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Priscilla

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Priscilla 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationSeptember 6 – September 10
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Raymond

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Raymond 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationSeptember 10 – September 18
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min) 

Unnamed Storm

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Unnamed 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationSeptember 17 – September 20
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Sonia

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Sonia 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationSeptember 18 – September 30
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Tico

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Tico 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationSeptember 30 – October 3
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Velma

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Velma 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationOctober 4 – October 17 (Extratropical after October 14)
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Wallis

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Wallis 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationOctober 17 – October 24
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Xina

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Xina 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationOctober 23 – October 27
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane York

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north York 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationNovember 8 – November 12
Peak intensity175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Zelda

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Zelda 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationNovember 18 – November 23
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Twenty-Five-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north 25E 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationDecember 2 – December 4
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Iona

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Iona
DurationDecember 7 – December 13 (Exited basin December 11)
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Alpha

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north Alpha 2019 MK8 Andrew
DurationDecember 27 – December 31
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

Storm Names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the northeastern Pacific Ocean during 2019. This is the same list used in the 2013 Pacific hurricane season, with the exception of the name Mario, which replaced Manuel.

  • Alvin
  • Barbara
  • Cosme
  • Dalila
  • Erick
  • Flossie
  • Gil
  • Henriette
  • Ivo
  • Juliette
  • Kiko
  • Lorena
  • Mario
  • Narda
  • Octave
  • Priscilla
  • Raymond
  • Sonia
  • Tico
  • Velma
  • Wallis
  • Xina
  • York
  • Zelda
  • Alpha

For storms that formed in the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility, encompassing the area between 140 degrees west and the International Date Line, all names are used in a series of four rotating lists. The next six names slated for use in 2019 are shown below.

  • Akoni
  • Ema
  • Hone
  • Iona
  • Keli (unused)
  • Lala (unused)

Retirement

Due to the extensive damage caused by flooding, the names Dalila and York were retired in 2020. The former will be replaced by Daisy for the 2025 Pacific season, while the latter's replacement, Yardley, will be eligible for use starting with the 2021 season due to the naming conventions for X, Y, and Z names.

Season Effects

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