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This season is a hyperactive version of the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season.
It does not necessarily rely on computer models, but there is some sort of imagination and inspiration form Force Thirteen animations. However, there are some invests that never got past disturbance phase that actually did in this season.
2019 What-might-have-been Atlantic hurricane season
2019WMHBFARM
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMay 17
Last system dissipatedNovember 26
Strongest storm
NameIngrid
 • Maximum winds235 mph (380 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure860 mbar (hPa; 25.4 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions33
Total storms33
Hurricanes28
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
14
Total fatalities>47,229
Total damage$4.591 trillion (2019 USD)
Atlantic hurricane seasons

The 2019 Atlantic hurricane season is a very active and hyperactive season. The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30. These dates historically describe the period each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin and are adopted by convention. However, tropical cyclogenesis is possible at any time of the year, as demonstrated by the formation of Tropical Storm Alicia on May 17.

The season's first hurricane, Blake, formed on June and had a weird path towards East Coast of the United States. After weeks of inactivity, the first major hurricane, Chelsea, formed inland and managed to hit the Gulf Coast as a Category 4 hurricane. Succession of hurricanes follows, such as Devin and Evelyn peaking as minimal hurricanes. Hurricane Felix is a strong hurricane but mainly harmless. Afterwards, the basin turned quiet, but Hurricane Humberto started to form and later Ingrid, the strongest of the season, became the most damaging and became really destructive as it almost washed out the Caribbean and the US East Coast. Hurricane Jeff, Karen and Lorenzo soon followed as minimal hurricanes, in which the latter caused massive damage.

This is soon followed by Hurricane Michelle, a mainly harmless but strong hurricane in the open ocean. Nestor is a weak hurricane, and later Opal is a strong fishspinner. Pablo and Rebekah are strong hurricanes that ravaged the Caribbean Islands and the areas affected by Ingrid. Hurricane Steve is a weak hurricane, but managed to become the wettest hurricane in this season. Tanya and Van are monster hurricanes that absolutely wrecked the Caribbean. Later, Hurricane Winona becomes the strongest hurricane to never make landfall. Winona later affected Western Europe as an extratropical cyclone. After Winona, the season became a little bit quiet with quick succession of weaker hurricanes. Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Zeta are weaker tropical cyclones that existed from late September to mid October. Hurricanes Eta and Theta are more destructive and strong hurricanes that affected the Gulf Coast. Iota is also a really strong hurricane but it made landfall in Iberian Peninsula. Kappa and Lambda are slightly weaker ones, but Mu, the last storm of the season, is a quite strong late-season hurricane that is a fishspinner.

Timeline

Saffir–Simpson scale


Systems

Tropical Storm Alicia

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
2037C1AndreaSim Alicia 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationMay 17 – May 22
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

A new upper-level trough originating in the mid-latitudes separated into a separate low on May 14. The low transversed westward over the western Atlantic for the next day as convection began to appear in the east and on May 16, it began to interact with the dissipating cold front. A larger low pressure area appeared, and later, the system had acquired a well-defined center of circulation, and was producing clustered thunderstorms from the center. On May 17, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) estimated that the system became Subtropical Storm Alicia over the Western Atlantic. The system continued to gain more tropical characteristics as it moved westward, and on May 19, the NHC officially designated it as a tropical storm. Alicia continued strengthening while moving northward. Later, it managed to reach its peak intensity with winds of 70 mph and pressure of 990 millibars, and almost having an eye-like center. However, the cyclone soon began to encounter dry air into its circulation while wind shear increased, resulting in a rapid weakening of the the storm. By May 23, Alicia's became extratropical. It would later be absorbed by a larger extratropical cyclone hours later.

Hurricane Blake

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Chantal 2025-06-26 1605Z Blake 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJune 2 – June 14
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  963 mbar (hPa)

A new tropical wave is soon spotted off the coast of Africa on May 25. It would not see some convection until it reached the Caribbean Sea four days later. Convection began to increase in the sea and sea surface temperatures are getting higher for a tropical cyclone development. On June 2, the National Hurricane Center designated the system as a tropical depression. It soon made landfall in Yucatan Peninsula and weakened for a bit. Conditions in the Gulf of Mexico are starting to be favorable again, in which the depression shows signs of convection increase in all directions. Soon, it would be upgraded to Tropical Storm Blake. Despie intensification, Blake stayed generally weak and small, showing little signs of tropical cyclone development before making landfall on June 6. Afterwards, Blake degenerated to a remnant low. Despite being overland, Blake never lost it's circulation, and it still maintained it due to brown ocean effect. Blake, after 2 days, would later reemerge into the Atlantic from the Maryland coast. It regained tropical storm strength and started to move southwestward. It began strengthening but maintained its small size. An eye soon formed and reached hurricane strength. It deepened rapidly and reach winds of 90 mph with pressure of 964 millibars, still keeping it as a Category 1 hurricane. It abruptly turned north and made landfall in North Carolina and turned extratropical on June 14. Later, it was fully absorbed by a larger extratropical cyclone.

Hurricane Chelsea

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Edouard 2020-07-28 1530Z Chelsea 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJuly 10 – July 17
Peak intensity140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  926 mbar (hPa)

A convective vortex in the Midwest began to move southward towards the Gulf of Mexico. On July 6, the NHC began monitoring the disturbance and it is expected to move southward towards the Gulf of Mexico. It moved southward while gaining tropical characteristics. The low-pressure system, while still lacking a well-defined circulation, became a somehow better defined on the following day. Brown ocean effect allowed the disturbance, and later it started to become well-defined. Later, the National Hurricane Center designated it as a potential tropical cyclone on July 10, and the following day, it strengthened to a tropical storm and named Chelsea. On July 13, sea surface temperatures started to skyrocket, and Chelsea strengthened to a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico while starting to move westward. Rapid intensification is currently happening and it managed to strengthen rapidly to a Category 4 hurricane while still in the Gulf of Mexico. Chelsea eventually reached its peak intensity before turning northward. Chelsea slightly weakened as it made landfall in Louisiana on July 15. Chelsea eventually started to weaken significantly and on July 16, Chelsea rapidly turned extratropical. On the following day, Chelsea was absorbed by an extratropical low.

Hurricane Devin

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Jose 2017-09-10 0600z Devin 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJuly 12 – July 24
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

A new tropical wave is spotted in the Atlantic on July 7, off the coast of Africa. However, conditions are initially favroable for the disturbance. However, development is expected sooner as it moved away from Cape Verde. Conditions became increasingly favorable while it moved westward. On July 12, a tropical depression formed, and later it became a tropical storm named Devin. Devin moved westward in the Northern Atlantic, heading towards the Caribbean. Devin eventually started to strengthen further, with an eye appearing on its structure. On July 16, Devin became a Category 1 hurricane while approaching the Caribbean. Later, Devin would eventually strengthen to a Category 2 hurricane, and it passed north of the Lesser Antilles. Devin eventually strengthened a little bit, but still kept at Category 2 strength while having a low pressure of 958 millibars. Devin peaked while several kilometers north of Puerto Rico as it moved northwestward. Later, it turned north and started to weaken graudally, mainly due to cold sea surface temperatures. It weakened to a Category 1 hurricane on July 21, and turned extratropical on July 24. It is absorbed by a large extratropical cyclone a day after.

Hurricane Evelyn

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gordon 2018 image Evelyn 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJuly 20 – July 29
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
A new tropical disturbance is spotted in the Caribbean Sea. It is currently moving westward, and it started to gradually develop sooner as it approaches Haiti. Later, it developed to a tropical depression on July 20. Sooner, it strengthened to a tropical storm while transversing west of Florida, and named Evelyn. Evelyn moved northward while situated between Bahamas and Florida. Later, Evelyn would strengthen soon to a Category 1 hurricane, in which it is starting to head towards North Carolina. Evelyn strengthened even further to a Category 2 hurricane before weakening a bit, which later made a slight landfall in North Carolina as a Category 1 hurricane. Evelyn significantly weakened to a tropical storm while it started to move eastward. Evelyn moved eastward but it managed to restrengthen again to a weak hurricane before it started to significantly weaken. It turned extratropical on June 29, and later it got absorbed by a larger extratropical cyclone.

Hurricane Felix

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Kyle 2026 image Felix 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJuly 29 – August 7
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  927 mbar (hPa)
A new tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa on July 24. It was a very disorganized wave that never organized for several days, and at one point it almost dissipated. The tropical wave started to organize on July 27 when it approaches the Caribbean Sea. The low started to gather more convection, in which it would later become crucial for tropical cyclone development. The low developed to a tropical depression on July 29, and later as a tropical storm next day. Named Felix, this tropical storm would eventually strengthen soon. Felix started to move northwestward, reaching the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico. Felix strenghened further while moving northwestward, and on August 2, Felix strengthened to a weak hurricane. Felix started to move away from the Caribbean and would strengthen even further to a Category 2 hurricane. Sooner, Felix managed to strengthen even further to a Category 4 hurricane while in the Western Atlantic. Felix reached its peak intensity of 145 mph. Felix started to move northeast while starting to weaken while approaching Bermuda. Over the course of hours, Felix gradually weakened while entering the colder Atlantic waters. On August 5, Felix started to lose tropical characteristics. On August 7, Felix fully turned extratropical.

Tropical Storm Geraldine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Lisa 2016-09-22 1545Z Geraldine 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationJuly 30 – August 5
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

A new tropical wave is spotted off the coast of Africa. On July 28, the NHC designated it with high chances of development. On July 30, A tropical depression formed near Cape Verde. On August 1, this tropical depression strengthened to Tropical Storm Geraldine. Geraldine strengtened for a bit, but it remained very weak in unfavorable conditions. Geraldine continued to struggle in high wind shear, thus preventing any further intensification. Geraldine managed to hang on for a while for several days before starting to weaken on August 4. Geraldine weakened to a tropical depression shortly, and the next day it fully degenerated to a remnant low.

Hurricane Humberto

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2033C2IdaSim Humberto 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationAugust 18 – August 25
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  982 mbar (hPa)

On August 12, a cold front moved near Florida from the Gulf of Mexico and became nearly stationary for few days. The frontal low generated moderate southwesterly winds just off the coast in Gulf of Mexico. Sooner, a low-pressure system developed near Florida from the frontal system. The small low moved northeastward while gaining a well-defined circulation through the following day. On August 20, the system became a tropical depression while emerging in the Atlantic Ocean. Later that day, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Humberto on August 21. Initially, marginal sea surface temperatures and moderate southwesterly shear prevented Humberto from strengthening further, but environment conditions became more favorable as it progressed further. Humberto strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane on August 22. Humberto then encountered the same marginal SSTs which caused it to weaken and also gradually make a large loop. Humberto strengthened again to a Category 1 hurricane but soon it started to weaken rapidly. On August 25, the system degenerated into a remnant low as deep convection dissipated.

Hurricane Ingrid

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Farm Ingrid 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationAugust 23 – September 8
Peak intensity235 mph (380 km/h) (1-min)  860 mbar (hPa)

On August 20, a tropical low started to develop with a tropical wave over the Atlantic Ocean, between the Cape Verde Islands and the Lesser Antilles. The system started to organize as deep convection is forming and on August 22, it was classified as a tropical depression a day later. That same day, it gained tropical storm strength and was named Ingrid. On August 25, Ingrid began to gradually strengthen. Marginally high sea surface temperatures and low wind shear allowed Ingrid to strengthen to a hurricane on August 26. Ingrid began to gradually strengthen as it moved towards the Caribbean, reaching Category 2 a day later. It moved over Lesser Antilles as eye began to warm and become more well-organized. Ingrid reached Category 3 strength the next day, and to Category 4 the following day. Ingrid then started to become more annular as it progressed towards Bahamas. Ingrid strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane on August 29. At this point, Dorian encountered an area with very low wind shear and unusually high sea surface temperatures not seen since Hurricane Katrina of 2017. Due to extraordinarily favorable conditions, Ingrid began rapid deepening and intensification as it races towards the Bahamas. Ingrid at that time is expected to strengthen for a short time, but Ingrid strengthened with winds of 180 mph.

Ingrid would later strengthen even further while reaching Bahamas. Ingrid then reached winds of 200 mph as it first reached Bahamas. With all of these, Ingrid began to exand drastically, with its cloud cover reaching as far as Boston and Mexico City. Ingrid then reached its peak intensity of 235 mph and an extremely low pressure of 860 millibars, lowest since the 2017 season. Ingrid then reached its closest distance to Miami and its eyewall covered almost the entire Floridan landmass. Ingrid started to gradually weaken in its course, but maintaining its extremely huge structure as it moved northward. Over time, Ingrid maintained its Category 5 strength until it made landfall in North Carolina, weakening it to a Category 4. It maintained its Category 4 strength until making landfall in Massachusetts. Ingrid weakened to a Category 3 hurricane but it also maintained its strength as it made landfall in Nova Scotia with the same strength. At this point, Ingrid started to lose tropical characteristics, but as it moved towards Newfoundland, Ingrid was still fully tropical. Finally, Imelda turned extratropical on September 6 while south of Greenland, making Ingrid the northernmost tropical cyclone ever recorded in history. Despite this, Ingrid even deepened further as it moved near Iceland. Eventually, on September 8, Ingrid was fully absorbed by another extratropical cyclone.

Hurricane Jeff

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Humberto 2019-09-18 1535Z Jeff 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationAugust 25 – September 2
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)
On August 19, a low pressure area, accompanied by a large area of disorganized showers and thunderstorms, from along with an association of a tropical wave in the Southwestern Atlantic. The low drifted northwestward, eventually over southeastern Florida on August 24 and degenerating into a trough of low pressure. However, deep convection increased along the trough early on August 26, and on August 25, a new tropical depression formed. The depression moved northwestward, and later a large burst of convection developed, and the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Jeff the following day. Jeff started strengthening as it approaches the Bahamas, then it turned northeastward. Jeff continued to strengthen as it reached hurricane strength on August 28, and later Category 2 strength the following day. Jeff eventually started to gradually weaken as it progressed northeastward, but it still managed to retain hurricane strength for quite some time, as it crossed over Bermuda. Jeff started to lose tropical characteristics, and on September 1, Jeff turned extratropical. The following day, it was absorbed by a larger extratropical low.

Tropical Storm Karen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
2023TSHaroldSim Karen 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationAugust 26 – September 3
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

A new frontal low off the coast of Louisiana is spotted. The Gulf of Mexico, where the disturbance is located, currently has marginal sea surface temperatures so development is limited. However, by August 23, tropical cyclone development is getting more favorable as SSTs increased. The disturbance is becoming more developed as it progressed in the Gulf of Mexico. On August 26, a new tropical depression formed, and the following day, it made landfall in Louisiana, strengthening to Tropical Storm Karen. Karen made landfall in United States the following day, weakening back to tropical depression, then restrengthening again the following day as Karen emerged into the ocean. Karen strengthened a bit as moved northward towards the East Coast of the US. Karen strengthened for a while before finally making landfall in US, eventually turning extratropical on September 2.

Hurricane Lorenzo

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
2042C1GregorySim Lorenzo 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 1 – September 6
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

broad area of low pressure began to be monitored over the Caribbean Sea on August 29 for potential tropical cyclone development. The system gradually developed while moving slowly towards the Gulf of Mexico. On September 1, the satellite imagery showed that the surface circulation became better defined, and that the system formed into a tropical depression. Six hours later, the system organized into the Tropical Storm Lorenzo. Lorenzo started to strengthen while emerging into warmer Gulf of Mexico. Lorenzo eventually strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane on September 4. It remained ragged and had no eye until six hours later. However, Lorenzo would rapidly deepen as it moves closer to Mexico. Lorenzo strengthened to a Category 2 hurricane 18 hours later. Lorenzo would eventually make landfall and eventually weaken in rugged mountainous Mexican terrain. Lorenzo weakened to a tropical storm, and lt rapidly dissipated on September 6.

Hurricane Michelle

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Ophelia 2017-10-11 Michelle 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 2 – September 12
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  932 mbar (hPa)

On August 30, the NHC began monitoring a tropical wave emerging from the west coast of Africa. The tropical wave that emerged slowly organized while moving westward over the next few days. The system eventually strengthened into a tropical depression late on September 2, before intensifying further into Tropical Storm Michelle. Eventually, Michelle strengthened, reaching hurricane strength the next day. However, Michelle weakened back after strengthening. Soon afterward, Michelle began tracking westward, before turning northeastward and eventually entering the northern part of the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, on September 5. Michelle started to strengthen again as it progressed in the same direction, and it strengthened back to hurricane strength. Michelle then strengthened further to Category 2, and later 3 strength. Michelle gained even further as it strengthened to a Category 4 hurricane. Michelle kept its strengh before starting to weaken as it raced northeastward. Michelle started to weaken, as it enters some colder waters and began its extratropical transition. Michelle completed its extratropical transition on September 12 as it struck the British Isles.

Hurricane Nestor

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2023C2JoseSim Nestor 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 6 – September 11
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  975 mbar (hPa)

A low pressure area is currently spotted near the Lesser Antilles. The low stayed very disorganized, but sooner it started to form a much organized system with increased convection. The low organized some more and on September 6, a new tropical depression has formed. The following day, it strengthened to Tropical Storm Nestor. Nestor began to strengthen as it gradually moved northward. Nestor reached hurricane strength on September 9 as it moved northeastward. Nestor gained a slightly clearer eye in the process, but it began to slowly weaken while entering cooler waters. Nestor weakened to a tropical storm on September 11, and it fully turned extratropical afterwards.

Hurricane Opal

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Igor 2010-09-14 0315Z Opal 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 8 – September 20
Peak intensity180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min)  912 mbar (hPa)

On September 5, the NHC began monitoring a disturbance to the northeast of the Lesser Antilles for potential tropical cyclone development. Initially, the disturbance moved westward while remaining disorganized. The disturbance later rapidly organized north of Antilles and as the system became much more organized, the NHC initiated advisories on Tropical Depression Fifteen. Later, the depression strengthened further into Tropical Storm Opal later that day. On September 11, Opal is approaching the Bahamas. On September 12, Opal intensified into a Category 1 hurricane, while turning to the nortwest. Opal eventually approached Florida and passed north of the Abacos Islands as it began some gradual strengthening. Opal started to strengthen and move northeast, strengthening to a Category 2 the next day. It strengthened to a Category 3 hurricane, and Category 4 the following day. Opal then managed to reach Category 5 strength on September 14 with a very intense structure. Opal maintained its strength for quite some time, before it finally started to enter colder waters, starting its weakening. It moved northeast, gradually weakening in course of days. It weakened to a regular hurricane on September 18, and the following day, it turned extratropical.

Hurricane Pedro

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Omar 2026 image Pedro 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 10 – September 22
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)
A new tropical wave just spotted off the coast of Africa. The depression is currently organizing fast and as it progressed further westward, it developed a full convection. On September 10, the NHC declared it a tropical depression, and the following day it strengthened to Tropical Storm Pedro. Pedro strengthened while in the Atlantic and it strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane on September 13. Pedro has strengthened further to a Category 2 hurricane while transversing westward. Pedro eventually strengthened further and reached Category 3 strength and passing just north of Puerto Rico. Pedro eventually strengthened further to a Category 4 hurricane while turning northwest. A ridge turned Pedro northeast while entering cooler waters. Pedro eventually started to weaken and the NHC designed it as a much weaker hurricane while accelerating northeast. Pedro weakened further to a Category 1 hurricane and on September 19, Pedro started to lose tropical characteristics. Pedro then weakened further and turned extratropical on September 20. Two days later, Pedro ceased to exist after being absorbed by another tropical low.

Hurricane Rebekah

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
2030C3AntoineSim Rebekah 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 16 – September 23
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  952 mbar (hPa)
A new tropical wave is spotted off the coast of Africa on September 10. The tropical wave is currently very disorganized, but as it progressed westward, the disturbance started to gradually organize while moving towards the Caribbean. The disturbance moved towards the Caribbean, and on September 16, NHC declared a new tropical depression formed, and on the next day, Tropical Storm Rebekah formed. Rebekah struggled for a short time, but eventually it regained back its strength and reached Category 1 strength while moving over Bahamas. Rebekah reached Category 2 strength on September 19, and eventually reached major hurricane strength as it moved away northeastward. Rebekah then formed a small pinhole eye before entering colder waters as it headed north. Rebekah started to weaken further as it went below hurricane strength on September 21. Rebekah managed to hang on for some time before reaching Atlantic Canada and fully turning extratropical on September 23.

Hurricane Steve

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Van 2025-10-31 1830Z Steve 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 17 – September 20
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  986 mbar (hPa)
On September 14, the NHC began monitoring an upper-level low off the west coast of Florida for possible tropical development. The system moved westward gradually across the Gulf of Mexico. By September 15, the system had been designated by NHC with high chances of development. Soon afterward, convection in the system rapidly increased, and later that day, the system organized into a tropical depression. The storm continued strengthening while moving westward, becoming Tropical Storm Steve the following day. Steve moved westward and steered north while steadily intensifying. Steve eventually reached hurricane strength on September 19, shortly before landfall. Steve stalled after landfall, bringing extremely heavy rainfall in the area. Steve weakened to a tropical storm, and continued inland for few days, before finally degenerating to a remnant low a day later.

Hurricane Tanya

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
2042C5EdmundSim Tanya 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 17 – October 6
Peak intensity205 mph (335 km/h) (1-min)  876 mbar (hPa)
On September 12, a tropical wave moved off the coast of Africa and emerged into the Atlantic near Cape Verde, and the NHC began to monitor the system for potential tropical development. The tropical wave moved slowly westward across the Atlantic, but it remained disorganized until September 16. On September 17, the disturbance organized into Tropical Depression Nineteen, after organizing rapidly. On September 19, the tropical depression strengthened to Tropical Storm Tanya. Tanya strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane the following day, and later it further intensified to a Category 2 hurricane. Tanya steadily strengthened, reaching major hurricane strength a day later and Category 5 strength several days later. Tanya grew to a tremendous hurricane while approaching the Lesser Antilles. On September 23, Tanya reached the Lesser Antilles with winds of 205 mph (225 km/hr) and pressure of 876 milibars. Tanya weakened slightly due to rugged terrain. However, after Tanya made landfall in Puerto Rico, Tanya significantly weakened, and it went back to category 4 strength on September 25. Tanya steadily weakened for a while entering the Subtropical Atlantic. Tanya reached Category 1 hurricane while approaching Bermuda. Tanya started to strengthen again as Sea Surface Temperatures become more stronger. Tanya further strengthened to a Category 4 hurricane, despite being in the north Atlantic. Tanya then took some weird direction due to several ridges on the way. Eventually, Tanya turned extratropical on October 6.

Hurricane Van

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
2022GastonSIm Van 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 20 – October 2
Peak intensity190 mph (305 km/h) (1-min)  897 mbar (hPa)

On September 16, the NHC began to monitor a tropical wave midway between Cape Verde and the Lesser Antilles for possible tropical cyclone development. On September 18, the system developed a closed center of circulation and organized further. On September 20, the systen organized further, and the following day it was named Tropical Storm Van. Van moved westward for a while, and later would eventually strengthen to a Category 1 hurricane as it reached the Lesser Antilles. Van strengthened further to a Category 3 hurricane as it moved east of Puerto Rico. Van strengthened further to a Category 4, and later a Category 5 hurricane in opean ocean. Van further strengthened to a hurricane with winds of 190 mph and pressure well below 900 millibars, but eventually, it would start to eventually weaken sooner. Van eventually weakened steadily as sea surface temperatures are gradually decreasing and wind shear started to increase steadily. Van eventually stopped moving north and started to steadily move westward towards Florida while still gradually weakening. Van eventually weakened to a tropical storm as it moved towards Bahamas. On October 1, it weakened to a tropical depression, and it fully degenerated on October 2.

Hurricane Winona

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
2032C5IagoSim Winona 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 21 – October 4
Peak intensity190 mph (305 km/h) (1-min)  894 mbar (hPa)

On September 18, the NHC began to monitor a tropical wave and forecasted to emerge from the west coast of Africa. On September 20, the tropical wave emerged into the Eastern Atlantic Ocean. The system started to organize afterwars, and the next day, the wave became a tropical depression. SFew hours later, the tropical depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Winona near Cape Verde. Few days later, Winona reached hurricane strength. Winona steadily strengthened, reaching Category 4 strength in just few days. Due to very high sea surface temperatures, Winona strengthened to a Category 5 hurricane while still at Eastern Atlantic, making it the easternmost Category 5 hurricane on record. Winona deepended further, reaching windspeed of 190 mph, and a very low pressure of 894 millibars. Winona continued to develop strong convection, and later it moved to slightly cooler waters. Winona began to weaken again due to upwelling of the cold water beneath the hurricane and rapidly increasing southwesterly wind shear. Winona dropped below major hurricane intensity few days after its peak intensity, as it approached the Azores Islands. Winona gradually weakened as it passed the islands, and it began its extratropical transition. Winona became fully extratropical on October 4, while still having hurricane-force winds, and reached Britain.

Tropical Storm Alpha

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hurricane Karen 2019 Z1-Alpha 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 28 – October 1
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

A new disturbance is spotted in the Central Atlantic on Seotember 26. The disturbance moved north of Caribbean, and began to organize quickly. The disturbance eventually showed organization and developed to a tropical depression on September 28. The following day, it strengthened to Tropical Storm Alpha. Alpha moved northeast, organizing a little. Alpha stayed weak due to generally unfavorable conditions. Alpha then started to rapidly degenerate as cool sea surface temperatures continued to hurt the storm. Alpha then degenerated to a remnant low on October 1.

Hurricane Beta

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2032TSJasmineSim Z2-Beta 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationSeptember 28 – October 4
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  971 mbar (hPa)

A new tropical wave is spotted near the Eastern Caribbean region. Conditions are initially unfavorable for the disturbance but the NHC reported larger scale organization near its center. The disturbance continues to further organize and on September 28, a new tropical depression forms. The depression later strengthened to Tropical Storm Beta in the Western Atlantic. Beta began to steadily organize in the area. Later, Beta eventually reached hurricane strength just after reaching the Yucatan Peninsula but rapidly weakened afterwards. Beta started to strengthen again in the Gulf of Mexico, regaining Category 1 strength and forming a quite nice eye. Beta peaked with winds of 85 mph and pressure of 971 millibars. Beta eventually made landfall on October 4 and declared a remnant low by NHC soon, before dissipating.

Hurricane Gamma

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2039C2HawkSim Z3-Gamma 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 6 – October 13
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)

On October 2, the NHC spotted an extratropical system in the Northern Atlantic, near Azores Islands. The extratropical system started to gain more organization as it began its transition to a tropical system. The system further organized, and NHC declared Subtropical Storm Gamma on October 6. Gamma stayed subtropical for two days, until it turned fully tropical on October 8 while moving westward. Gamma started to strengthen gradually afterwards. Gamma steadily moved westward until a sharp change in ridge pulled Gamma northeastward sharply, while still intensifying. Gamma eventually strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane while moving northeastward. Gamma started to enter colder waters and began to weaken. Gamma then turned extratropical on October 13.

Hurricane Delta

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
2037C2DorianSim Z4-Delta 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 9 – October 16
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  958 mbar (hPa)

On October 7, a non-tropical low-pressure system that had been tracking slowly up the eastern coast of the United States merged with a huge extratropical cyclone off the coast of North Carolina. The system began to show signs of organization on the morning of October 9, with shower and thunderstorm activity increasing in convection around the extratropical cyclone's center. An eye-like feature is slowly appearing, indicating that the system was acquiring subtropical characteristics. The National Hurricane Center designated the system as Subtropical Storm Delta while the system steadily organized. Delta then gained full tropical characteristics, and eventually reached hurricane strength. Delta strengthened further to a Category 2 strength but started to lose tropical characteristics afterwards. Delta rapidly degenerated over the next day, significantly decreasing in size before becoming extratropical on October 16.

Hurricane Epsilon

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Jose 2017 (Cooper) Z5-Epsilon 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 16 – October 21
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

A new and large tropical wave emerged off the coast of Africa. The tropical wave gradually organized while moving westward in the Central Atlantic. The tropical wave eventually developed further, and NHC declared it a tropical depression while still in the Central Atlantic, on October 16. The following day, it strengthened to Tropical Storm Epsilon. Epsilon gathered more organization as it moved northwestward. Epsilon eventually strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane afterwards, while approaching the Lesser Antilles. Epsilon crossed the area while maintaining its strength. It moved northward, approaching Bermuda. Epsilon strengthened while moving northward, and reached Category 2 strength while racing towards Canada. However, Epsilon turned extratropical on October 21, and it fully got absorbed the next day.

Hurricane Zeta

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
2036C1DonSim Z6-Zeta 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 15 – October 19
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  976 mbar (hPa)

A late-season tropical wave, accompanied by a large area of low pressure and a large mass of deep convection, moved off the west coast of Africa on October 12, towards Cape Verde. The large area of low pressure area separated from the parent wave, which would become Hurricane Epsilon, moving slowly northwestward as the wave continued westward across the tropical Atlantic. Convection with the low became better organized early the following day, and NHC declared the formation of a tropical depression on October 15. The depression eventually strengthened to Tropical Storm Zeta. Zeta eventually strengthened to a hurricane 2 days later while moving westward. Zeta moved west of Cape Verde and eventually started to move north. Convection is rapidly losing and the structure is unraveling due to unfavorable conditions. Zeta fully turned extratropical on October 19.

Hurricane Eta

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
2032C2DollySim Z7-Eta 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 17 – October 22
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  947 mbar (hPa)

Earlier on October 13, NHC began tracking a broad area of low pressure that was expected to emerge into the Caribbean Sea over the week. On October 14, the disturbance moved over Caribbean Sea, briefly disorganized and brought heavy rains. The system quickly re-organized as it passed over the warm waters of the Southwestern Caribbean. On October 17, the system developed to a tropical depression before making landfall in Yucátan Peninsula. The depression held on its strength for a while before entering Gulf of Mexico while strengthening to Tropical Storm Eta. Eta then turned northeast while strengthening due to warm Gulf of Mexico. Eta then strengthened to a Category 1 hurricane moving northeastward. Combined with rapidly increasing speed and more favorable conditions, Eta rapidly strengthens to a Category 3 major hurricane. Eta breezed northeast, and finally making landfall in Florida Panhandle. Eta began rapidly weakening while inland, and after just weakening to a hurricane, on October 22, it turned to an extratropical cyclone and got absorbed the next day.

Hurricane Theta

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
2029C4LouisSim Z8-Theta 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 24 – November 1
Peak intensity130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  942 mbar (hPa)

On October 20, the NHC began to monitor a tropical wave located in the Caribbean Sea. The system started to move northwestward. It further organized and reached the warmer Southwest Caribbean. Within the Caribbean region, ir organized further and started to rapidly gain organization. On October 24, the NHC noted that a full center has organized, and it declared a formation of a tropical depression on 00:00 UTC. Before it makes landfall in Belize, it strengthened to Tropical Storm Theta. Theta made landfall, halting the intensification process for a while until it reemerges back into Gulf of Mexico. Theta then started to reeintensify yet again, following the path of the previous storm. Theta began intensyfing steadily and gradually while sharply moving northeastward. Theta reached Category 3 strength on October 28, and reached Category 4 strength while breezing up north. Theta made landfall in Florida Panhandle and rapidly degenerated to a Category 1 hurricane. Theta emerged to the Atlantic as a weak hurricane while still moving northeastward. Theta steadily moved northeastward while crawlong through the East Coast waters. Eventually, it started to lose tropical characteristics. On November 1, it turned extratropical before crossing Newfoundland. Later afterwards, it got absorbed by a larger extratropical cyclone.

Hurricane Iota

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Iota SIM Z9-Iota 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 25 – October 30
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  956 mbar (hPa)

On October 24, the NHC spotted an area of concentrated thunderstorms embedded within an extratropical cyclone southwest of the Azores. The area gradually organized, and gained started to gain tropical characteristics. The next day, the disturbance strengthens to Tropical Storm Iota. Iota strengthens to a Category 1 hurricane while at unusually warm waters. Iota further strengthens and reached Category 2 strength, and just after 6 hours, it reached major hurricane strength. Iota began to enter colder waters and gradually weakened as it head towards Spain. Iota weakened to a Category 2 hurricane and eventually made landfall in Northwestern Spain. Iota weakrnrd to a Category 1 hurricane approaching the Bay of Biscay before fully turning extratropical on October 30.

Hurricane Kappa

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
2033C1ClaireSim Z10-Kappa 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationOctober 29 – November 3
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  965 mbar (hPa)
On October 27, a very large extratropical cyclone formed south of Newfoundland. The extratropical cyclone quickly gained hurricane-force winds as it moves eastward, before weakening and forming a large counterclockwise loop. Later, a broad low-pressure area formed near the center of the original extratropical cyclone, developing convection on its way. A new subtropical cyclone eventually formed, and named Kappa on October 29. Kappa moved westward and eventually turned fully tropical, and intensified to a hurricane a day later. Kappa eventually briefly intensified to a Category 2 hurricane. On November 2, Kappa turned to the northeast then east-southeast, entering a region of increasing wind shear, and cold sea surface temperatures. The system rapidly weakened, and Kappa became extratropical once again on November 3 and dissipated later that day.

Tropical Storm Lambda

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
2023TSCindySim Z11-Lambda 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationNovember 1 – November 4
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

A late-season tropical wave just emerged off the coast of Africa. The tropical wave rapidly organized despite less favorable conditions off the coast of Africa. Later, a new tropical depression formed, and on November 2, it strengthened to Tropical Storm Lambda. Lambda moved westward, strengthening little. Lambda eventually peaked with winds of 45 mph, and soon began to weaken as it moves to lower sea surface temperatures. Lambda eventually weakened to a tropical depression, and degenerated to a remnant low on November 4.

Hurricane Mu

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Igor 2010-09-14 1945Z Z12-Mu 2019 (Farm WMHB)
DurationNovember 17 – November 26
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  926 mbar (hPa)

On November 15, the NHC monitored a large area of low pressure area associated with the interaction of an upper-level low and a surface trough. A new low pressure eventually developed and started to rapidly develop. The system organized, acquiring a surface circulation early on November 16. A tropical depression formed the following day. It moved northwestward, and strengthened to Tropical Storm Mu. Mu moved northwestward, and reached Category 1 hurricane strength as it started to strengthen further. Mu strenghened to a major hurricane before starting to move northward due to a ridge. Mu weakened for a while while starting to accelerate northeastward but favorable conditions allowed the hurricane to restrengthen. Mu began steadily intensifying developing an annular eye. Mu reached Category 4 strength a day later, reaching peak winds of 155 mph for 2 days. However, Mu entered a region of cool sea surface temperatures, higher wind shear and lower humidity, thus weakening the hurricane. Mu turned extratropical on November 26.

Season Effects

2019 Atlantic tropical cyclone statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths


Alicia May 17 – May 22 Tropical storm 70 990 Bermuda Minimal None
Blake June 2 – June 14 Category 1 hurricane 90 963 United States, Mexico 650 8
Chelsea July 10 – July 17 Category 4 hurricane 140 926 United States 21400 52
Devin July 12 – July 24 Category 2 hurricane 110 955 Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico, United States, Canada 132 12
Evelyn July 20 – July 29 Category 2 hurricane 105 965 Bahamas, Canada, United States 230 2
Felix July 29 – August 7 Category 4 hurricane 145 927 Puerto Rico, Greater Antilles, Canada 28 4
Geraldine July 30 – August 5 Tropical storm 45 1002 Cape Verde Minimal None
Humberto August 18 – August 25 Category 1 hurricane 85 982 United States None None
Ingrid August 23 – September 8 Category 5 hurricane 235 860 United States, Bahamas, Greater Antilles, Puerto Rico, Canada, Iceland, Greenland 4450600 41200+
Jeff August 25 – September 2 Category 2 hurricane 105 962 Bahamas, Bermuda Minimal 3
Karen August 26 – September 3 Tropical storm 65 992 United States 74 2
Lorenzo September 1 – September 6 Category 2 hurricane 105 972 Bahamas, United States, Cuba, Mexico 768 18
Michelle September 2 – September 12 Category 4 hurricane 145 932 Cape Verde, Azores, Ireland, United Kingdom 200 1
Nestor September 6 – September 11 Category 1 hurricane 80 975 Bermuda None None
Opal September 8 – September 20 Category 5 hurricane 180 912 United States, Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada 700 56
Pedro Sepetember 10 – September 22 Category 4 hurricane 150 935 Bermuda, Cuba, Dominican Islands, Bahamas, Canada 135 2
Rebekah September 16 – September 23 Category 3 hurricane 120 952 Bahamas, United States, Canada, Newfoundland 112 3
Steve September 17 – September 20 Category 1 hurricane 85 986 United States, particularly Texas 8600 117
Tanya September 17 – October 6 Category 5 hurricane 205 876 Cape Verde, Lesser Antilles, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Dominica, Bermuda 34500 5000+
Van September 20 – October 2 Category 5 hurricane 190 897 Lesser Antilles, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Haiti, Dominica, Bermuda, Bahamas, United States 3400 455
Winona September 216 – October 4 Category 5 hurricane 190 894 Cape Verde, Azores, Ireland, United Kingdom 2300 22
Alpha September 28 – October 1 Tropical storm 60 996 None None None
Beta September 28 – October 4 Category 1 hurricane 85 971 Honduras, Mexico, Belize, United States, Nicaragua 1350 43
Gamma October 6 – October 13 Category 1 hurricane 90 965 None None None
Delta October 9 – October 16 Category 2 hurricane 110 958 None None None
Epsilon October 16 – October 21 Category 2 hurricane 110 960 Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Dominica, Bermuda 430 12
Zeta October 15 – October 19 Category 1 hurricane 80 976 Cape Verde Minimal 1
Eta October 17 October 22 Category 3 hurricane 125 947 Mexico, Belize, Honduras, United States 13400 65
Theta October 24 – November 1 Category 4 hurricane 130 942 Honduras, Mexico, Belize, United States, Nicaragua, Canada 44300 67
Iota October 25 – October 30 Category 3 hurricane 120 956 Spain, Portugal, France, Ireland,. United Kingdom 7500 83
Kappa October 29 – November 4 Category 2 hurricane 105 965 Azores 45 None
Lambda November 1 – November 4 Tropical storm 45 1003 Cape Verde Minimal None
Mu November 17 – November 26 Category 4 hurricane 80 976 Cape Verde Minimal 1
Season Aggregates
28 systems April;19 – November 20   235 838 $4.591 trillion 47,229+

Storm Names

  • Alicia
  • Blake
  • Chelsea
  • Devin
  • Evelyn
  • Felix
  • Geraldine
  • Humberto
  • Ingrid
  • Jeff
  • Karen
  • Lorenzo
  • Michelle
  • Nestor
  • Opal
  • Pedro
  • Rebekah
  • Steve
  • Tanya
  • Van
  • Winona
  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Delta
  • Epsilon
  • Zeta
  • Eta
  • Theta
  • Iota
  • Kappa
  • Lambda
  • Mu

Equivalents

Storm in this article In real life 2019 season
Alicia Andrea
Blake [NEW]
Chelsea Barry
Devin [NEW]
Evelyn TD Three
Felix [NEW]
Geraldine [NEW]
Humberto Chantal
Ingrid Dorian
Jeff Erin
Karen [NEW]
Lorenzo Fernand
Michelle Gabrielle
Nestor [NEW]
Opal Humberto
Pedro [NEW]
Rebekah [NEW]
Steve Imelda
Tanya Jerry
Van Karen
Winona Lorenzo
Alpha [NEW]
Beta [NEW]
Gamma [NEW]
Delta Melissa
Epsilon [NEW]
Zeta Fifteen
Eta Nestor
Theta Olga
Iota Pablo
Kappa Rebekah
Lambda [NEW]
Mu Sebastien
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