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Hypothetical Hurricanes Wiki

Season summary map

2022 Hurricane Season

The 2022 Atlantic Hurricane season was the most active since 2005, the season began on April 30, 2022 and ended on December 2nd, 2022. The season saw the most number of storms in terms of the number of depressions, hurricanes, and major hurricanes since 2005. The season shattered 1933's record for the most ACE in a single season with 350.03 ACE while 1933 only had 258.57 ACE producing 35.37% more ACE than any other season before it shattering the old record.

The season was the first and only season until 2028 to produce more than two Category-Five storms Hurricane Danielle, Hurricane Julia, and Hurricane Lisa (the other being 2005 with Hurricane Emily, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, and Hurricane Wilma). The season did not set the record for the most major hurricanes coming just one storm short of the pre-2028 record of seven major hurricanes with six major hurricanes (being beaten out by 1961 and 2005 both of which had seven).

The reason for the storms immense energy was because of the complete lack of wind shear during the season, the warm waters over the north-central Atlantic and a high-pressure system that persisted over Bermuda. The season broke several records for storms by intensity, the fastest wind, the storm with the most accumulated cyclonic energy (ACE), the storm with the longest-lived category-five winds and the storm with the most damage caused. This season set the record for the longest combined duration of multiple Category Five hurricanes in the same season combine which is what contributed the season to having so much ACE compared to any other season. The number of storms in the 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season was not unusual but what was unusual was the amount of ACE that the storms accumulated with Julia, Lisa, Danielle, Gaston, Fiona and Paula combined for 272.7415 ACE is what made the season unusually extremely active. By comparison, the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season's 28 storms combined only produced 250.1275 ACE.

Season Summary

The 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season Timeline.jpg

The season started fairly early with a tropical depression forming in the southwestern Gulf of Mexico on April 30 that would then dissipate on May 2. The season was actually less active than usual until a storm developed on August 24 that would grow into a Category Five storm by August 31. The season spawned 21 depressions, 16 storms, 11 hurricanes, and 6 major hurricanes.

Season Forecasts

Seasonal Forecasts were not too bad to begin with. They were predicting a season with 15-19 storms, 9-12 hurricanes, and 3-5 major hurricanes. As the season wore on to mid-August it was beginning to look like it'd be a below average season and many forecasts were slightly revised down to 13-16 storms, 7-9 hurricanes, and 1-2 major hurricanes. After, Julia and Lisa it became apparent that they were slightly inaccurate.


Tropical Depression One

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationApril 30th – May 2nd
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression One was just a minor tropical depression that formed very early into the season on April 30, peaked at 35-mph then dissipated on May 2.

Tropical Depression Two

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationMay 17th – May 19th
Peak intensity30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Two was a tropical depression that formed in the Gulf of Mexico south of Jamaica and just swirled around in the ocean for two days.

Tropical Storm Alex

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hermine 2016-09-01 1625Z.jpg 
DurationJune 3rd – June 10th
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Alex was a tropical storm that dumped anywhere from 3 to 10 inches of rain on an area stretching from Mobile, Alabama to Virginia Beach, Virginia before being finally diverted around the Atlantic and dying off.

Tropical Depression Four

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationJune 18th – June 20th
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Bonnie

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationJuly 9 – July 20
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Colin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationAugust 11th – August 18th
Peak intensity55 mph (90 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Danielle

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
DurationAugust 24th – September 4th
Peak intensity200 mph (325 km/h) (1-min)  890 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Danielle was one of the five tropical cyclones to have made landfall in New York City, the only Category-Five Hurricane to make landfall north of Florida, and the only major-hurricane other than the 1821 Norfolk-Long Island Hurricane to make landfall in New Jersey. The storm set numerous records and caused the most damage out of any hurricane, typhoon, or cyclone in world history up to that point in time and nearly put the wealthiest most powerful nation on Earth into a state of paralysis for almost two days. The storm would rapidly intensify north of The Caribbean, then get squeezed by two high-pressure systems causing its momentum to grow from 4-mph to 50-mph and change its course in a northward direction. The storm would then make landfall in Eastern North Carolina and continue its way up the coast at a speed of 35-mph to 50-mph devastating everything in its path all the way up to Connecticut. The storm would claim the lives of 619 people and cause unprecedented damage and destruction to an area stretching from North Carolina to the New York City region. The storm was also the costliest natural diaster up to that time to causing $357.5-Billion in damages $207.5-Billion of which was physical damage.

The storm created the largest mass evacuation in US history the largest black out since the Great 2003 Northeast Blackout and the greatest number of lives out of any US Hurricane since Hurricane Katrina seventeen years earlier. The fallout from the disaster was immense and recovery in some areas took several years. The storm in a sense was a modern day repeat of the Great 1821 Norfolk-Long Island Hurricane which devastated the same area in an identical way. The only difference was that the 1821 storm struck New York City at low-tide while Hurricane Danielle struck New York City at high-tide making that storms surge at Battery Park 4-feet higher than 1821.

Hurricane Earl

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Alicia - New.jpg 
DurationSeptember 3rd – September 11th
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Earl was the first hurricane to make a direct hit onto Galveston Island since Hurricane Ike in 2008, and was the worst Texas hurricane since Hurricane Harvey in 2017. Hurricane Earl was the fourth costliest storm of the devastating 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season and made landfall at peak strength just west of the city of Galveston. Hurricane Earl made landfall onto Galveston just five days after everything from the eastern section of North Carolina to southwestern Connecticut had been devastated by Hurricane Danielle.

Even though the storm peaked at Category-Two strength it was about 650-miles wide so as a result, it ended up producing storm surges as high as 16.2-feet at Galveston. Hurricane Earl maintained its strength inland to the point where Downtown Houston received winds of 93-mph which gusted up to 128-mph.

The hurricane was also dumping rain along the Houston area at a rate of 1-to-4 inches per hour at its peak and as a result, some areas in the Houston Area got up to 45.79-inches of rain.

Hurricane Fiona

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationSeptember 14th – September 26th
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  956 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gaston

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationUnknown – Unknown
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Storm Hermine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationSeptember 20th – September 28th
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Ian

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationUnknown – Unknown
Peak intensity60 mph (100 km/h) (1-min) 

Hurricane Julia

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gilbert - (Peak).jpg 
DurationSeptember 29th – October 15th
Peak intensity185 mph (295 km/h) (1-min)  901 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Julia was a Major Category 5 hurricane of the very active 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season. It was the second Category 5 storm to strike the Leeward Islands after Hurricane Irma became the first just five years earlier. It then became the first Category 5 storm to hit Haiti which it would weaken to a Category-Four then restrengthen rapidly to a Category 5 and become the first Category 5 to ever strike Jamaica and the first Category 5 to strike Mexico since Hurricane Anita 45 years earlier in 1977. Julia caused widespread damage throughout the Caribbean devastating Western Haiti, Jaimaca, the Cayman Islands, and the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico where it would have four separate Category 5 landfalls. The storm was a very slow moving storm lasting for 17 Days, and would spend 152 hours as a Category 5 storm including 96-hours straight shattering the 1932 Cuba Hurricane's record of 78-hours. The storm also shattered the 1899 San Ciriaco Hurricane's record of 73.6 ACE by producing 80.2 ACE.

The final death toll from the storm was 1,818 among whom 1,607 (almost 90% of them) were in Jamaica and Haiti alone, and it would be almost a decade until the island nation of Jamaica would fully recover and over a decade for the Cayman Islands to fully recover. This was not even the most powerful storm of the hyperactive 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season with 185 mph winds and a pressure of 901mb, Hurricane Danielle which moved slowly north of the Caribbean before curving north into the Atlantic Coast of the United States was.

Hurricane Karl

Hurricane Lisa

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Dean (2007) - Approaching Jamaica.jpg 
DurationOctober 10th – October 29th
Peak intensity165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  915 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Lisa was the longest-lived hurricane since Hurricane Jose in 2017 and the third Category-Five hurricane of the 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season. Hurricane Lisa was also the fifteenth depression, twelfth storm, eighth hurricane, and the fourth major hurricane of the very hyperactive 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season. This also happened to mark the first and then only time other than the 2005 season that the Atlantic basin had produced more than two Category-Five hurricanes in the same season.

The storm lasted formed on October 10 and would last for 19 days before it dissipated over Scotland during the late hours of October 29. Hurricane Lisa would be the second major hurricane of the 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season to affect Cuba and it would not be the last. Thankfully a high-pressure system over Cuba and another one just south of Bermuda would keep it off of any major landmass. However, the storm would still hit a populated area as it would make landfall on Scotland with very low Category-Two strength becoming the first hurricane to make landfall in Northern Europe above Category-One strength since Hurricane Faith 56-years earlier in 1966.

Tropical Storm Martin

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationOctober 15 – October 21
Peak intensity90 km/h (55 mph) (1-min)  1001 hPa (mbar)

Hurricane Nicole

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gustav at Cuba.jpg 
DurationOctober 23 – November 11
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Nicole was the first Major Hurricane to make a direct hit on the city of Havana, Cuba since Hurricane Dennis in 2005. The storm also made landfall on the Miami-region with the western end of its eye-wall passing over the eastern side of Miami and Miami Beach.

Hurricane Owen

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg 
DurationNovember 5 – November 23
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Paula

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Keith 30 sept 2000 2227Z.jpg 
DurationNovember 13 – November 22
Peak intensity135 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  950 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Twenty

Tropical Depression Twenty-One

Deaths and Damage

Deaths from the Storms

Damage from the Storms of the Season

Economic Impact

Economic Impact in the United States

Hurricane Danielle

Hurricane Danielle had many negative economic effects ranging from temporary job-losses from Manhattan being shut down for a few days, to loss of revenue from the NYSE being unable to trade, to port trading backlogs that eventually stretched around the world. The insurance industry was absolutely overwhelmed by the storm, and many insurance and utility companies had to be given government subsidies to help cover the overwhelming number of insurance claims and restoring water and electricity by repairing damages.

Hurricane Earl

Hurricane Nicole

Economic Impact in the Caribbean

Hurricane Julia

Hurricane Lisa

Hurricane Nicole

Economic Impact in Mexico and Central America

Hurricane Julia

Hurricane Paula

Records and Notable Events

Storms by ACE

Storm Category Days ACE
Julia 5 18 81.52
Lisa 5 19 63.48
Danielle 5 8 35.06
Nicole 4 13 33.33
Fiona 3 12 20.63
Paula 4 10 20.52
Gaston 2 13 18.20
Bonnie 1 12 11.60
Earl 2 11 11.12
Owen 1 19 10.78

Storm Names

The following list of names was used for named storms that formed in the North Atlantic in 2022. The names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2028 season. This was the same list used in the 2016 season, with the exception of Martin and Owen, which replaced Matthew and Otto, respectively. The names Martin and Owen was used for the first time this year.

Normal Naming List (List 2)

  • Alex
  • Bonnie
  • Colin
  • Danielle
  • Earl
  • Fiona
  • Gaston
  • Hermine
  • Ian
  • Julia
  • Karl
  • Lisa
  • Martin
  • Nicole
  • Owen
  • Paula
  • Richard (Unused)
  • Shary (unused)
  • Tobias (unused)
  • Virginie (unused)
  • Walter (unused)


On March 26, 2023, at the 44th session of the RA IV hurricane committee, the World Meteorological Organization retired the names Danielle, Earl, Fiona, Julia, Karl, Lisa, Nicole, and Paula from its rotating name lists due to the amount of damage and deaths they caused, and they will not be used again for another Atlantic hurricane. They will be replaced with Darlene, Emilio, Felicia, Jessica, Keanu, Ladonna, Natasha and Victoria for the 2028 season, respectively

Season Effects

Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
2022 North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone season statistics
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
mph (km/h)
Areas affected Damage
One April 30 – May 2 Tropical depression 30 1005 None 0
Two May 17 – May 19 Tropical depression 25 1006 None 0
Alex June 3 – June 10 Tropical storm 60 998 United States (Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina) $800-Million
Four June 18 – June 20 Tropical depression 35 1002 United States (Louisiana, Texas) $2-Million
Bonnie July 9 – July 20 Category 1 hurricane 85 980 None $1-Million
Colin August 11 – August 18 Tropical storm 55 998 Belie $30-Million
Danielle August 27 – September 4 Category 5 hurricane 200 890 United States (North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Maine), Canada (New Brunswick) $215.6-Billion (Physical Damage)

$150-Billion (Economic Losses) $365.6-Billion Total

Earl September 3 – September 14 Category 2 hurricane 105 972 Mexico, United States (Texas, Oklahoma) $82.5-Billion 95 
Fiona September13 24 – September 24 Category 3 hurricane 120 956 United States, Mexico $8.6-Billion 38 
Gaston September 17 – September 28 Category 2 hurricane 100 975 None None
Hermine September 21 – September 30 Tropical storm 60 995 Cuba, United States (Florida), The Bahamas $9.2-Billion 76 
Ian September 23 – October 2 Tropical storm 60 997 None 0
Julia September 29 – October 15 Category 5 hurricane 185 901 The Caribbean, The Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Mexico, Belize $80.4-Billion 2,035 (Direct)

~10,000 (Indirect) 

Karl October 5 – October 10 Category 1 hurricane 90 982 Cuba, United States (Florida) $9.5-Billion 32 
Lisa October 10 – October 23 Category 5 hurricane 165 915 Cuba, The Caribbean, Azore Islands, Scotland $15.8-Billion 33 
Martin October 15 – October 24 Tropical storm 55 1001 None 0
Nicole October 23 – November 5 Category 4 hurricane 155 930 Jamaica, Cuba, United States (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina), The Bahamas $130.1-Billion 1,036 (direct)

5,017 (indirect) 

Owen November 5 – September 23 Category 1 hurricane 90 980 Puerto Rico, The Dominican Republic, United States $1.28-Billion 11 
Paula November 13 – November 22 Category 4 hurricane 135 950 The Caribbean, Honduras, Nicaragua, Belize, Guatemala $11.6-Billion 276 
Twenty November 25 – November 28 Tropical depression 30 1005 United States (Louisiana) $200-Million
Twenty-One November 30 – December 1 Tropical depression 35 1004 None None None |- style="background-color:#silver" Season aggregates
21 systems April 28 – December 2    200 890 Azore Islands, The Bahamas, Belize, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Ireland, Jamaica, Mexico, Scotland, United Kingdom, United States (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Lousiana Maine, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Texas and Virginia), Virgin Islands and Every Lesser Antilles Island $565.6-Billion (New Record)

$715.6-Billion (Including Economic Losses from Danielle)

4,234 (direct)

16,380 (second highest on record, 1998 is first)