2022 Atlantic hurricane season (eggmin)
2022 fulltrack eggmin.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMarch 17, 2022
Last system dissipatedJanuary 4, 2023
Strongest storm
NameShary
 • Maximum winds180 mph (285 km/h)
 • Lowest pressure899 mbar (hPa; 26.55 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions44 (Record high)
Total storms42 (Record high)
Hurricanes29 (Record high)
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
16 (Record high)
Total fatalities7,035
Total damage$1.3 trillion (2022 USD)
(Record costliest)
Atlantic hurricane seasons
2020, 2021, 2022, 2023, 2024

The 2022 Atlantic hurricane season was the final set of seven seasons to be at least above average. It was also the most active of the bunch, featuring a record-breaking 44 tropical depressions, 42 named storms, 29 hurricanes and 16 major hurricanes. It is also the most active Atlantic hurricane season in history, shattering the records set by the 2005 season/2020 season. It's impacts were also catastrophic, with some areas may take decades to recover due to being repeatedly struck by powerful hurricanes. With damages well over above $1.3 trillion, the season is cemented into history to be the costliest Atlantic hurricane season, snatching the record set last year by a large margin. Most of these damages were attributed to Virginie, Delta, Shary, Gamma, Martin, Tobias, and Walter, with all of them causing at least $100 billion in damages.

Furthermore, the season tied the record for the most amount of Category 5's in one season, with 4, shared with last year's and 2005's. The season was also very deadly, with 7,035 fatalities, with 1/3 of it being attributed to Delta. The season also featured the most active July, September, and December ever recorded, with 6, 11, and 3 named storms developing respectively. It also tied the record of the most active March, October, and November. 

For the storms themselves, they also broke many records. The first storm of the season, Alex, became the second March storm ever recorded, and is also the first March storm to ever develop in 114 years. July featured twin terrors, Fiona and Gaston, both of which are one of the most powerful hurricanes ever recorded in July. Later in the month, Ian caused destruction as it made landfall in NYC (which was still recovering from Bill of last year) as a Category 1 hurricane, bringing storm surge and torrential rain and flooding along with it. In August, Martin made the most powerful and intense landfall ever recorded in the state of North Carolina, packing winds of 130 MPH and a central pressure of 931 mbar. It also made landfall near Wilmington, which was soaked by Hurricane Bonnie earlier in the season, adding even more destruction to the city. Also in the same month, Hurricane Paula caused even more damage to the Tampa Bay region, which was still recovering from Hurricane Ida of last year. In early September, Shary was renowned for its low latitude intensity, striking the ABC Islands as a powerful Category 4 storm. It later made landfall in Texas at peak intensity, making it the most powerful landfall ever recorded in the state of Texas, and one of the most powerful hurricanes to ever strike the US. Tobias later caused even more mayhem in the US, causing major flooding in areas around Chesapeake Bay. It also caused major damage to the nation's capital, Washington, D.C., with landmarks such as the White House and National Mall sustained major damage. The cities of Baltimore and Annapolis were also nearly wiped out of the map due to high storm surge and winds brought by Tobias. Virginie surprised everyone by unusually rapidly intensifying, causing extensive damage and fatalities in the city of Miami due to the city being caught off guard. A total of $220 billion in damages were reported, making it the second-costliest hurricane in history, just slightly behind Ida of last year. Walter was a very unusual system, staying tropical for a record-breaking 48 consecutive days. It also boasted the record for high latitude intensity, not weakening below major hurricane status for the final time until around 40* N and not weakening below hurricane status for the final time until it made landfall in Ireland. As mentioned, it made landfall in Ireland as a hurricane with winds of 80 MPH, making it the most powerful tropical hurricane to impact the archipelago of Britain and Ireland, and the second most powerful to impact Europe, just behind Julian of last year. It also made 2 landfalls in Bermuda, the most ever in a tropical cyclone. Both Gamma and Delta caused disruption in the US. Gamma made the most powerful landfall ever recorded in the state of Louisiana, with winds of 175 MPH. It also made landfall near the same area Fiona affected 2 months ago, causing even more damage. Delta caused even more destruction in Puerto Rico, which already dealt with Walter earlier. It later skirted the coast of Florida as a major hurricane. Later, Zeta made landfall in Nicaragua as a major hurricane, and killed many after it dumped heavy rains, causing many parts of the lake to overflow. At the end of the month, Eta made 2 (sub)tropical landfalls in France, which was an "extremely rare" occurrence dubbed by the NHC. It also became the easternmost forming (sub)tropical cyclone, at around 6* W, beating 2020's Alpha.

In October, Kappa caused heavy damage in Cuba and Florida, the former still recovering from the last year's Ida and Peter, and the latter still devastated from multiple storms. Xi rapidly intensified and struck Belize at peak intensity, with winds of 155 MPH. It later struck Texas as a high-end Category 2. In November, Pi made landfall in Bermuda, setting the record for 2022 on having the most Bermuda landfalls in an Atlantic season, with 3 (4 if you count Walter's second landfall). Also in the same month, Sigma rapidly intensified in the Western Caribbean, peaking as a powerful Category 5 with winds of 175 MPH and a pressure of 910 mb. This made Sigma the second November Category 5 on record, only behind the 1932 Cuba hurricane. It, however, broke the record for the latest forming Category 5, achieving it on November 30th. It also became the most intense November hurricane on record. It maintained its strength up until landfall in Grand Cayman and Cuba on December 1st, arguably making Sigma the strongest December hurricane recorded, and also the only Category 5 to persist into December. It also made the latest Category 5 landfall ever recorded. Later in the month, Phi caused flooding in the Carolinas, disrupting the holidays for many. Phi and Upsilon persisted up until January 2023, making 2022 the third season to have a storm to span two calendar years, or in this case, the only season to have two storms to span two calendar years. Upsilon was a hurricane when it persisted into January 1st, making it the second hurricane to span two calendar years, behind Alice of 1954.

The season's economic impact was catastrophic and more devastating than "once initially thought". Puerto Rico sustained such catastrophic damage from Hurricanes Martin, Walter, and Delta that it caused a large immigration wave to the Mainland US, due to people's lives being completely changed and destroyed by the aforementioned hurricanes. The population of the island continued to plummet for a decade, with many immigrants saying that their island is a "lost cause". This huge immigration wave to the US and other countries were also seen in the Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands, and Hispaniola, with similar reasons. The countries of the Dominican Republic and Haiti was set back nearly 50 years in terms of development in every aspect due to Hurricanes Fiona, Walter and Delta repeatedly dropping torrential rain to the countries. The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands also sustained major damage, with Hurricanes Martin, Lisa, Virginie, Walter, Delta, and Sigma tracking over or near the islands. Mexico, particularly the Yucatan Peninsula, and Belize sustained catastrophic damage, due to Hurricanes Gaston, Shary and Xi making powerful landfalls in the region. Cuba sustained late-season heavy damage from Hurricanes Kappa and Sigma. Central America also saw heavy damage, with Hurricanes Zeta, Kappa and Sigma dumping torrential rains in the region. The Lesser Antilles, was luckily mostly unscathed, with a few exception when Hurricanes Martin and Delta tracked over the northern part of the island group.

Overall, the season was devastating and changed the culture, future and economy of the nations of the Atlantic. The names Bonnie, Fiona, Gaston, Ian, Martin, Paula, Shary, Tobias, Virginie, and Walter were retired after the season and will never be used again in the future. While the letters Gamma, Delta, Zeta, Kappa, Xi, Sigma, and Phi were retired for this particular season but could be reused again in the future if needed.

Seasonal forecasts

Predictions for the 2022 Atlantic Hurricane Season
Source Date Named

storms

Hurricanes Major

hurricanes

Average (1981–2010) 12.1 6.4 2.7
Record high activity 28 15 9
Record low activity 4 2 0
––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
TSR December 26, 2021 18 7 2
CSU April 10, 2022 18 9 3
TSR April 18, 2022 20 10 4
NCSU April 24, 2022 21-25 9-12 4-6
UKMO* May 17, 2022 16* 10* 4*
NOAA May 31, 2022 19-25 10-13 4-5
TSR May 31, 2022 24 15 6
CSU July 15, 2022 22-26 12-16 5-7
TSR August 3, 2022 28 15 7
CSU August 7, 2022 25-30 13-18 7-9
NOAA August 9, 2022 26-32 12-19 5-10
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Actual activity 42 29 16
† - Most recent of several such occurrences.
* - June to November only.

In preparation of every hurricane season, forecasts and predictions are released by several agencies and well-known hurricane experts like Klotzbach's team from the Colorado State University and forecasters from NOAA. These predictions are released to give a better look on what the Atlantic basin's activity might be throughout the year.

The definition of an "average season" according to Klotzbach's team is a season that consists of 12.1 named storms, 6.4 of those reaching hurricane status and 2.7 achieving major hurricane status. While NOAA defines whether the season is below-normal, near-normal, above-normal, or hyperactive depends mainly on the accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) index, although the number of named storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes comes into consideration occasionally. The forecasts this year also take the current "La Niña" into consideration, which is still present since it developed in 2020.

Pre-season forecasts

The first agency to release their forecast was the TSR (Tropical Storm Risk) on December 26, 2021. Their forecast was calling for an above-average season with 18 named storms, 7 hurricanes, and 2 major hurricanes. They backed this prediction by stating the favorable conditions throughout the Atlantic, along with the ongoing La Niña. The second forecast was released by the Colorado State University (CSU) on April 10, 2022, also echoing an above-average season with the same amount of named storms, 9 hurricanes and 2 major hurricanes. On April 18th, the TSR updated their forecast, now calling for a potentially hyperactive season, with 20 named storms, 10 hurricanes and 4 majors. This was mirrored as well by the NCSU, calling for 21-25 named storms, 9-12 hurricanes and 4-6 major hurricanes. The reasons behind these aggressive predictions were because of the La Niña strengthening, as well as the unusual formation of Tropical Storm Alex last month.

The UKMO released their forecast on May 17th, calling for above-average activity in the Atlantic from June to November, with 16 named storms, 10 hurricanes and 4 major hurricanes. On the last day of May, NOAA released their forecast. They stated that its a "basically a 100%" chance of having an above-average season consisting of 19-25 named storms, 10-13 hurricanes and 4-5 major hurricanes, along with an ACE index between 150% and 200% of the median. They stated that it is due to the ongoing Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, along with favorable condition across pretty much the entire basin, and the strengthening of the La Niña. The TSR also released an updated forecast that same day, also calling a hyperactive season with 24 named storms, 15 hurricanes, and 6 major hurricanes.

Mid-season forecasts

On Mid- July, the CSU released an updated forecast. This is due to the intense amount of activity in the Atlantic. They are also onboard for a hyperactive season, with 22-26 named storms, 12-16 hurricanes and 5-7 major hurricanes.

Lastly, on early August, the CSU, TSR and NOAA released their updated forecast to catch up with the unprecedented amount of activity in the basin. All of them are calling for an hyperactive season, with NOAA being the most extreme with a maximum of 32 named storms. This was the most active forecast NOAA has ever published. Even with these aggressive predictions, they still fell short by a large margin from the actual activity of the season.

Timeline of the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season

Seasonal Summary

The season officially started on June 1st and ended on November 30th. However, tropical cyclogenesis unusually started early with Alex forming on March, becoming the second known March storm on record. It also ended pretty late, with Tau, Upsilon and Phi forming in December. Hurricane Upsilon and Tropical Storm Phi persisted into the new calendar year, causing 2022 the only season to have two storms span two calendar years. Hurricane Upsilon was at hurricane strength when it entered the new year, making it the second hurricane to span two calendar years, the first being Alice of 1954. The season also saw activity in a record pace, with the second and all named storms from 4th onwards became record holders for the earliest named storm formation.

March

March, one of the most inactive months for tropical cyclogenesis in the Atlantic basin, finally saw a development of a tropical storm after 114 years. The tropical storm was named Alex by the NHC. It ended up tracking very close to the northern Lesser Antilles, but ended up causing relatively minor damage. It shortly became extratropical afterwards. March also unusually saw a formation of another invest of the East coast, it didn't form however.

April & May

April saw no formation of a tropical system, it did, however, saw a formation of an unusual invest in the Caribbean.

May saw the formation of the season's second storm, Bonnie. Bonnie made landfall near Wilmington as a mid-ranged Category 1 hurricane and stalled near the area, dumping torrential rain and high winds onto the city. Bonnie's landfall became the earliest hurricane landfall to ever strike the continental US. May also saw 2 invests developing.

June

June saw the formation of 2 systems, Colin and Danielle. Colin initially threatened a US hurricane landfall but ended up landfalling as a weakening minimal tropical storm due to current hostile conditions looming in that area. Danielle was forecasted to be the season's 3rd hurricane but failed to do so due to entering an pocket of unusually hostile conditions. It ended up peaking as a strong tropical storm instead.

July

July saw an explosion of activity, with 6 named storms developing, the most on record. These are Earl, Fiona, Gaston, Hermine, Ian, Julia. Earl prompted a hurricane watch and a tropical storm warning over Bermuda after it passed north of the Island. Fiona and Gaston were twin terrors. Fiona dropped torrential rain in Hispaniola and Cuba, and making a major hurricane landfall in Louisiana, severely damaging the levee system of New Orleans, causing the city to be extremely vulnerable. Meanwhile, Gaston rapidly intensified into a high-end Category 4 just before making landfall in Cozumel and Quintana Roo near peak intensity. It later re-intensified as a major hurricane just before making its second landfall in the state of Veracruz. Hermine was a pretty weak system that made landfall near Miami and reorganized as a subtropical storm in the Open Atlantic. Ian made landfall in NYC as a hurricane, causing more problems in the city, which is still dealing with the devastation left by Bill of last year. Julia wasn't anything interesting, following the same fate of Danielle a month prior.

August

August continued explosive activity, with Karl, Lisa, Martin, Nicole, Owen, Paula, Richard and a tropical depression forming. The short lived tropical depression off the coast of Africa, causing heavy rains over the Cabo Verde Islands. Karl gradually intensified into a Category 4 in the Eastern Atlantic. Lisa made landfall in Bermuda as a major hurricane, although damage was relatively minor due to preparation. Martin became the first Category 5 of the season, ravaging the northern Lesser Antilles, Turks and Caicos Islands and the eastern part of the Bahamas before making a powerful landfall in North Carolina as a Category 4. It also made landfall near Wilmington, which is still recovering from Bonnie. Nicole was supposed to be a major flood threat to Texas but ultimately was less severe than anticipated. Owen was a weak yet persistent system, intensifying in the face of hostile conditions. Paula dumped torrential rain in the Caribbean before making landfall near the Tampa Bay region as a high-end Category 2. It re-intensified as a minimal, short-lived tropical storm in the open Atlantic. Richard later formed in the Eastern Atlantic and rapidly intensified to a high-end Category 2 before weakening due to unusually hostile conditions present over the area.

September

September was the most active month of the season, and also the most active month in the basin's history, with a record-breaking 11 named storms forming. It also forced the NHC to use the Greek Alphabet, the third such occurrence. Shary became the second Category 5 of the season and also became the strongest storm of the season. Shary ravaged the ABC Islands as an unusually powerful Category 4, it also caused heavy rainfall over northern Venezuela and northern Colombia. It later made landfall in Quintana Roo as a high-end Category 4 and slammed into Texas as a extremely powerful Category 5, it's eyewall also skirted Houston causing catastrophic damage. Tobias was a long lived storm that ended up making another powerful landfall in the US, striking the Eastern Shore region of Virginia as a Category 4 and the Chesapeake bay area of Maryland as a Category 3. Virginie surprised everyone by rapidly intensifying into a high-end Category 4 in the face of semi-hostile conditions. This surprise caused the city of Miami to be greatly underprepared and suffered catastrophic damage, the worst one in the history of the city, even surpassing Andrew and the hurricane back in 1926. Walter was an unusual system, being the longest-lived tropical cyclone in history with a record-breaking 48 days. Walter caused tremendous damage in Puerto Rico and Hispaniola and was considered as the "worst hurricane to affect Bermuda" after it made landfall twice as a major hurricane. Alpha was another unusual storm, rapidly intensifying into a Category 2 in high latitudes, and ended up making a tropical storm landfall in Portugal. Beta was relatively strong fish storm that affected Newfoundland as an extratropical cyclone. Gamma regenerated in the Western Caribbean and rapidly intensified up until landfall in Louisiana as a Category 5. It also made a direct pass over the city of New Orleans, causing tremendous damage and flooding. Delta caused even more chaos in Puerto Rico, making landfall in the island as a high-end Category 4 and basically sawing the island in half. It later skirted the coast of Florida as a major hurricane and made landfall in Cape Canaveral as a Category 4. Epsilon was also an unusual system, striking France as a tropical storm, the first such occurrence in history. Zeta also surprised everyone after it managed to gradually intensify into a major hurricane despite close proximity to land. It caused major flooding in Nicaragua after Lake Nicaragua and Managua overflowed, causing devastation in the country. Eta was another unusual system, it formed in the Bay of Biscay, the first such occurrence in history. It also made 2 (sub)tropical in France.

October

October continued this record pace, although somewhat slower and produced less intense storms. Theta was a fish storm and made landfall in Portugal as an extratropical system. Iota threatened a major hurricane landfall in Florida but ended up being disorganized due to hostile conditions present at that time. However, Kappa made a major hurricane landfall in Florida shortly after Iota due to hostile conditions became more favorable after Iota passed. Lambda passed through the Bahamas as a hurricane but ended up causing little damage. Mu strengthened into a hurricane despite hostile conditions. Nu made a tropical storm landfall in South Carolina. Xi rapidly intensified in the Western Caribbean and made landfall in Belize as a high-end Category 4 hurricane, although many would argue that Xi was a Category 5. Xi later made another landfall in Texas as a high-end Category 2. Omicron was a weak storm but dropped torrential rain over Hispaniola. It later caused more damage when it transitioned into an extratropical system and was absorbed into a cold front. Walter from last month also made a hurricane landfall in Ireland during this month, becoming the strongest tropical cyclone to hit the country.

November, December, & January

November saw activity with the formation of 3 systems, along with one subtropical depression. The subtropical depression developed after it became detached from the cold front, although it failed to acquire tropical force winds. Pi made landfall in Bermuda as a mid-ranged tropical storm. Rho made landfall in Cape Hatteras shortly after developing. Sigma was the final of the three, and the most powerful. Sigma was the final Category 5 of the season, and is the second November Category 5 on record, behind the 1932 Cuba hurricane. It caused torrential rain in Central America (particularly Honduras) when it performed a loop of the coast of Honduras. It later made landfall on Grand Cayman and Cuba as a powerful Category 5 hurricane on December 1st, arguably making Sigma the only Category 5 hurricane in December. Sigma weakened and became extratropical 2 days after.

Aside from Sigma persisting, December saw 3 cyclones develop, the most on record. Tau was a relatively weak storm for the entirety of its life, before making landfall in North Carolina. Upsilon developed on late December, shortly followed by Phi. Phi caused flooding across the Carolinas, disrupting the holidays for anyone affected. Phi and Upsilon persisted into the new year, although Phi shortly became extratropical on the mid-day hours of January 1st. Upsilon persisted until January 4th, it ended up causing flash flooding across the UK.

Storms

Systems
TS Alex
C1 Bonnie
C1 Colin
TS Danielle
C2 Earl
C4 Fiona
C4 Gaston
TS Hermine
C1 Ian
TS Julia
TD Eleven
C4 Karl
C3 Lisa
C5 Martin
TS Nicole
TS Owen
C2 Paula
C2 Richard
C5 Shary
C4 Tobias
C4 Virginie
C4 Walter
C2 Alpha
C3 Beta
C5 Gamma
C4 Delta
C2 Epsilon
C3 Zeta
SS Eta
C1 Theta
TS Iota
C3 Kappa
C2 Lambda
C1 Mu
TS Nu
C4 Xi
C1 Omicron
SD Thirty-Eight
TS Pi
TS Rho
C5 Sigma
TS Tau
C1 Upsilon
TS Phi

Tropical Storm Alex

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Aleximageeggmin.jpg Alextrackeggmin.png
DurationMarch 17 – March 20
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

On March 16, an area of low pressure developed east of the Leeward Islands. The low was marked for "possible development" by the NHC on the same day, giving it a 20%/50% chance to develop. The low unexpectedly organized and deepened the next day, and was designated as Tropical Depression One on the 5 PM Advisory. The depression didn't stop there and was named Alex the next advisory. Due to the sudden formation of Alex, Tropical storm warnings were instantly put up for Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Barthélemy, and Anguilla, and Watches for St. Kitts and Nevis and Montserrat.

Alex made its closest approach to land when it passed north-northwest of the island of Barbuda on March 18. Alex also reached it's peak intensity while it's east of Anguilla, with 50 MPH winds and a minimum pressure of 999 mb. Alex maintained that intensity for the rest of the day. Shear started to gradually pick up on the 19th, and waters are also gradually becoming cooler, causing Alex to slightly weaken. It was also showing signs of extratropical transition. It finished its transition on the 20th, and was absorbed into a larger system the next day.

The development of Alex was peculiar, due to it's early formation date. It was the second March storm ever recorded, the first one in 114 years. Alex luckily only caused minimal damage in the Lesser Antilles, only dumping moderate rain on the islands.

Hurricane Bonnie

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Ophelia 14 sept 2005 1605Z.jpg Bonnietrackeggmin.png
DurationMay 9 – May 13
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

On May 9th, an area of disturbed weather formed north of the Turks and Caicos Islands. The disturbed area rapidly organized and was designated as Tropical Depression Two on the same day. With the depression moving into more favorable conditions, it eventually strengthened enough to be named Bonnie on May 10th. Throughout the day, Bonnie gradually intensified as it moved to semi-favorable conditions. It also passed very close to Great Abaco Island at the end of the day.

The next day, Bonnie became the first hurricane of the season. Also in the same day, Bonnie reached its peak intensity on the 5 PM advisory, with winds of 85 MPH and 989 mb. After the peak intensity, shear started to slightly increase, disrupting Bonnie's intensification and started a brief weakening phase. On May 12th, Bonnie weakened to a strong tropical storm for 12 hours, before re-strengthening into a hurricane again on the 5 PM advisory as shear slightly abated.

On 5 AM, May 13th, Bonnie reached its secondary peak intensity of 80 MPH and 990 mb, before making landfall on Wilmington, NC. After the landfall, Bonnie's forward speed rapidly slowed due to the lack of steering currents. It's structure also rapidly deteriorated inland, weakening into a remnant low just 24 hours after landfall.

Bonnie's effects were unexpectedly devastating, with $1.2 billion in damages. The city of Wilmington suffered the worst of the storm, being inundated with around 16" of rain. Bonnie also had 47 fatalities, with most of them from Wilmington alone. After the season, the name Bonnie was retired and was replaced with Brianna for the 2028 season.

Hurricane Colin

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Colinimage.jpg Colintrackeggmin.png
DurationJune 7 – June 13
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  994 mbar (hPa)

On June 5th, an area of disturbed pressure was organizing just east of Barbados. This was tagged by the NHC, giving it a 70/90 chance to form. Gradual organization occurred, until it organized enough to get a clear center of circulation, being named Colin on the 7th, completely skipping tropical depression status. On June 8th, Colin reached it's initial peak intensity of 60 MPH and a pressure of 1001 mb. After the peak intensity, shear began to rise and began to take a toll of the storm.

Tropical Storm Danielle

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Danielleimage.jpg Danielletrackeggmin.png
DurationJune 14 – June 21
Peak intensity70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min)  993 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Earl

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Earlimageeggmin.jpg Earltrackeggmin.png
DurationJuly 5 – July 10
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  983 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Fiona

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fionaimageeggmin.jpg Fionatrackeggmin.png
DurationJuly 7 – July 14
Peak intensity150 mph (240 km/h) (1-min)  933 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gaston

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gastonimage.jpg Gastontrackeggmin.png
DurationJuly 14 – July 24
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  931 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Hermine

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hermineimage.jpg Herminetrackeggmin.png
DurationJuly 15 – July 22
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Ian

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Ianimage.jpg Iantrackeggmin.jpg
DurationJuly 25 – July 28
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  989 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Julia

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Juliaimage.jpg Juliatrack.jpg
DurationJuly 30 – August 3
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  996 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Eleven

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Elevenimage.jpg Eleventrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 1 – August 3
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Karl

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Kikoimage.jpg Karltrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 2 – August 10
Peak intensity130 mph (215 km/h) (1-min)  955 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Lisa

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lisaimage.jpg Lisatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 6 – August 14
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  960 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Martin

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Martinimage.jpg Martintrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 8 – August 23
Peak intensity165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min)  925 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nicole

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Nicoleimage.jpg Nicoletrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 12 – August 18
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Owen

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Owenimage.jpg Owentrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 12 – August 20
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Paula

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Paulaimage.jpg Paulatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 16 – August 30
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  962 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Richard

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Richardimage.jpg Richardtrackeggmin.jpg
DurationAugust 21 – August 25
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  966 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Shary

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Sharyimage.jpg Sharytrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 2 – September 13
Peak intensity180 mph (285 km/h) (1-min)  899 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Tobias

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Tobiasimage.jpg Tobiastrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 3 – September 18
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  930 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Virginie

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Virginieimage.jpg Virginietrackeggmin2.png
DurationSeptember 4 – September 9
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  936 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Walter

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Walterimage.jpg Waltertrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 5 – October 23
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  935 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Alpha

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Alphaimage.jpg Alphatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 6 – September 10
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  952 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Beta

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Betaimage.jpg Betatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 7 – September 16
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  967 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Gamma

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gammaimage.jpg Gammatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 17 – September 30
Peak intensity175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  929 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Delta

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Deltaimage.jpg Deltatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 19 – October 1
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min)  946 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Epsilon

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Epsilonimage.jpg Epsilontrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 21 – September 26
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min)  972 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Zeta

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Zetaimage.jpg Zetatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 25 – September 29 (exited basin)
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  969 mbar (hPa)

Subtropical Storm Eta

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone north.svg Etatrackeggmin.jpg
DurationSeptember 28 – September 28
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Theta

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Thetaimage.jpg Thetatrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 9 – October 23
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Iota

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Iotaimage.jpg Iotatrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 11 – October 14
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  999 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Kappa

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Kappaimage.jpg Kappatrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 12 – October 23
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min)  959 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Lambda

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lambdaimage.jpg Lambdatrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 15 – October 21
Peak intensity100 mph (155 km/h) (1-min)  980 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Mu

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Muimage.jpg Mutrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 22 – October 26
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min)  990 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Nu

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Nuimage.jpg Nutrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 25 – October 27
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1004 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Xi

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Xiimage.jpg Xitrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 27 – November 1
Peak intensity155 mph (250 km/h) (1-min)  926 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Omicron

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Omicronimage.jpg Omicrontrackeggmin.png
DurationOctober 29 – November 3
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  987 mbar (hPa)

Subropical Depression Thirty-Eight

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
38image.jpg 38trackeggmin.png
DurationNovember 7 – November 9
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min)  1007 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Pi

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Piimage.jpg Pitrackeggmin.png
DurationNovember 11 – November 14
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Rho

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Rhoimage.jpg Rhotrackeggmin.png
DurationNovember 19 – November 23
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1002 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Sigma

Category 5 hurricane (SSHWS)
Sigmaimage.jpg Sigmatrackeggmin.png
DurationNovember 24 – December 3
Peak intensity175 mph (280 km/h) (1-min)  910 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Tau

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tauimage.jpg Tautrackeggmin.png
DurationDecember 7 – December 13
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

Hurricane Upsilon

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Upsilonimage.jpg Upsilontrackeggmin.png
DurationDecember 22 – January 4, 2023
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Storm Phi

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Phiimage.jpg Phitrackeggmin.png
DurationDecember 27 – January 1, 2023
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  1003 mbar (hPa)

Damages & Deaths

Damages and the loss of human lives in this season were unbelievably high. There were a total of 15 billion dollar storms, the highest of any season. In addition, it also saw 6 100 billion dollar storms, all of them in a quick succession. The costliest of these is Virginie, standing at a price tag of $220 billion. It was closely followed by Gamma at $210 billion. The death toll of the season stands at 7,035, although this report is criticized for being an "underestimate", considering around 15,000 people are noted as missing, mostly from Hispaniola and Central America. The deadliest storm of the season is Delta, with a death toll of 2,207, most of which is from Puerto Rico and Hispaniola. However, many would argue that Zeta is actually the deadliest storm of the season. If it counts missing people as dead, Zeta will have an unbelievably high ~14,602 deaths, with most of them from Nicaragua alone. However, the official death toll stands at 602 due to the Nicaraguan Government stopped updating death toll reports after that number. The exact reason is unknown and many people, particularly the Nicaraguan citizens, were outraged.

The tables below will show how the storms' destruction and casualties compare to other notable storms.

Most costliest Atlantic hurricanes
Rank Hurricane Season Damages in US dollars
1 Ida 2021 $263.1 billion
2 Virginie 2022 $220 billion
3 Gamma 2022 $210 billion
4 Shary 2022 $150 billion
Delta
6 Katrina 2005 $125 billion
Harvey 2017
8 Tobias 2022 $120 billion
9 Walter 2022 $100 billion
10 Maria 2017 $90 billion
Most deadliest Atlantic hurricanes (Satellite Era)
Rank Hurricane Season Deaths
1 Mitch 1998 11,374–19,000
2 Fifi-Orlene 1974 8,210
3 Maria 2017 3,059
4 Jeanne 2004 3,037
5 Delta 2022 2,207
6 David 1979 2,068
7 Stan 2005 1,668
8 Katrina 2005 1,500–2,500
9 Gordon 1994 1,152
10 Shary 2022 1,107

Records

Intensity of the storms

Most intense Atlantic hurricanes
Rank Hurricane Season Lowest Pressure
mbar inHg
1 Kate 2021 878 25.92
2 Wilma 2005 882 26.05
3 Gilbert 1988 888 26.23
4 "Labor Day" 1935 892 26.34
Nicholas 2021
6 Rita 2005 895 26.43
7 Allen 1980 899 26.55
Shary 2022
9 Ida 2021 900 26.64
Camille 1969

Although it featured "less" intense storms unlike last year, the storms were still pretty intense. Shary tied Allen's pressure, making it the the 7th most intense storm recorded in the Atlantic with a pressure of 899 mb. It also featured 4 Category 5, the most in a season tying last year and 2005.

It also featured a record-breaking 16 major hurricanes, an unprecedented amount in a season. Hurricane Bonnie became one of the most powerful hurricanes that ever formed in May. On July, Fiona and Gaston became one of the most intense July storms on record, becoming fourth and third most intense respectively. Shary's and Gamma's rapid intensification before landfall caught most by surprise in September. Walter's prolonged powerful intensity was also of notice.

On November, Sigma became the most intense hurricane of that month on record, and also the second ever Category 5 to form in that month. Another interesting record was also set by Upsilon, becoming the most powerful and intense storm to ever form in the month of December.

Landfalls

The season had an unusual amount powerful and intense landfalls, with 14 storms landfalling as a major hurricane. In July, Fiona's landfall was so powerful that it severely damaged the levee system of New Orleans, making the city extremely vulnerable. Martin, Shary and Gamma made the most powerful landfalls ever recorded in the states of North Carolina, Texas and Louisiana respectively. The latter, Gamma, also struck New Orleans just 2 months after Fiona, causing extreme flooding in the city. On September, Shary also made landfall as a Category 4 on the ABC Islands, making it the strongest landfalls ever recorded in those islands. Also in the same month, Virginie made its catastrophic landfall in Miami, becoming the most powerful hurricane to ever strike the region since Andrew of 1992. Later on, Sigma in November became the only Category 5 to ever make landfall in the Cayman Islands.

Portions of the Yucatan Peninsula were left uninhabitable due to being repeatedly struck by Major hurricanes Gaston, Shary and Xi. Shary made the second most intense landfall in the Atlantic and the U.S., with a pressure of 899 mb. North Carolina also saw an unusual amount of tropical cyclones making landfall in their state, with a whopping 7. This caused the state to be jokingly nicknamed "Upper Florida".

A record of 3 separate storms made landfall in Bermuda, which are Lisa, Walter and Pi, 2 of which were majors at landfall. Europe also saw an unusual amount of (sub)tropical cyclones making landfall in the continent, with a record of 4, which are Walter, Alpha, Epsilon, and Eta. It also saw its second hurricane landfall, being Walter.

Shary and Sigma also broke records for being the most intense hurricanes to ever make landfall in the Atlantic basin, snatching 2nd and 9th place respectively.

Most intense Atlantic hurricanes at landfall
Rank Hurricane Season Lowest Pressure at landfall
mbar inHg
1 "Labor Day" 1935 892 26.34
2 Shary 2022 899 26.55
3 Camille 1969 900 26.23
Gilbert 1988
5 Dean 2007 905 26.73
6 Ida 2021 906 26.75
7 "Cuba" 1924 910 26.87
Dorian 2019
9 Sigma 2022 912 26.93
10 Irma 2017 914 26.99
Janet 1955
Strongest Atlantic hurricanes at landfall by windspeed
Rank Hurricane Season Windspeed at landfall
1 "Labor Day" 1935 185 MPH (295 KPH)
Dorian 2019
Ida 2021
4 Irma 2017 180 MPH (285 KPH)
Shary 2022
6 Janet 1955 175 MPH (280 KPH)
Camille 1969
Anita 1977
David 1979
Dean 2007
Gamma 2022
Sigma

Early Formation

Almost all of the storms in the season formed earlier than any other storm on record. The table below shows the records set by these storms.

Tropical / subtropical storm naming records
set during the 2022 Atlantic hurricane season
Storm # Formation Day Name Previous Record Difference
1 March 17 Alex "One" - January 3, 1938 +74 days
2 May 9 Bonnie Able - May 16, 1951 -6 days
3 June 7 Colin Cristobal - June 2, 2020 +5 days
4 June 14 Danielle Danielle - June 19, 2016 -5 days
5 July 5 Earl Edouard - July 6, 2020 -1 day
6 July 7 Fiona Fay - July 9, 2020 -2 days
7 July 14 Gaston Gonzalo - July 22, 2020 -8 days
8 July 15 Hermine Hanna - July 24, 2020 -9 days
9 July 25 Ian Isaias - July 30, 2020 -5 days
10 July 30 Julia Josephine - August 13, 2020 -14 days
11 August 2 Karl Kyle - August 14, 2020 -12 days
12 August 6 Lisa Laura - August 21, 2020 -15 days
13 August 8 Martin Marco - August 22, 2020 -14 days
14 August 12 Nicole Nana - September 1, 2020 -20 days
15 August 12 Owen Omar - September 1, 2020 -20 days
16 August 16 Paula Paulette - September 7, 2020 -22 days
17 August 21 Richard Rene - September 7, 2020 -17 days
18 September 2 Shary Sally - September 12, 2020 -10 days
19 September 3 Tobias Teddy - September 14, 2020 -11 days
20 September 4 Virginie Vicky - September 14, 2020 -10 days
21 September 5 Walter Wilfred - September 18, 2020 -13 days
22 September 6 Alpha Alpha - September 18, 2020 -12 days
23 September 7 Beta Beta - September 18, 2020 -11 days
24 September 17 Gamma Gamma - October 2, 2020 -15 days
25 September 19 Delta Delta - October 5, 2020 -16 days
26 September 21 Epsilon Delta - November 23, 2005 -63 days
27 September 25 Zeta Epsilon - November 29, 2005 -65 days
28 September 28 Eta Zeta - December 29, 2005 -92 days
29 October 9 Theta none N/A
30 October 11 Iota none N/A
31 October 12 Kappa none N/A
32 October 15 Lambda none N/A
33 October 22 Mu none N/A
34 October 25 Nu none N/A
35 October 27 Xi none N/A
36 October 29 Omicron none N/A
37 November 11 Pi none N/A
38 November 19 Rho none N/A
39 November 24 Sigma none N/A
40 December 7 Tau none N/A
41 December 22 Upsilon none N/A
42 December 27 Phi none N/A

Other

Other records include:

  • Most July storms getting named - 6
  • Most September storms getting named - 11
  • Most December storms getting named - 3
  • Highest streak of years with a European (sub)tropical landfall - 3 (2020, 2021,2022)
  • Highest streak of years with a sub-900 mb hurricane - 2 (2021,2022)
  • First subtropical storm in the Gulf of St. Lawrence - Tobias
  • First tropical cyclone to hit Ireland - Walter
  • First subtropical cyclone to hit France - Eta
  • Worst tropical cyclone in Nicaraguan history - Zeta
  • Highest streak of years with a pre-season storm - 8 (2015-2022)
  • Highest streak of years with at least one Category 5 hurricane - 7 (2016-2022) (assuming 2020 gets one)
  • Farthest eastern formation of a subtropical system - Eta; ~6*W

Season's Effects

The season effects is a table of the storms that formed in the 2022 season and their effects. The table includes the storm, their duration, their peak intensity, their lowest pressure, their affected areas and their overall damage. All of the damage figures is in 2022 USD.

2022 North Atlantic statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths


Alex March 17 – 20 Tropical storm 50 (85) 999 Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, St Barthélemy Minimal None
Bonnie May 9 – 13 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 989 Great Abaco, Grand Bahama, The Carolinas $1.2 billion 47
Colin June 7 – 13 Category 1 hurricane 75 (120) 994 Tip of Yucatan Peninsula, Florida Panhandle Minimal None
Danielle June 14 – 21 Tropical storm 70 (110) 993 None None None
Earl July 5 – 10 Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 983 Bermuda Minimal None
Fiona July 7 – 14 Category 4 hurricane 150 (240) 933 Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cuba, Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas $80 billion 559
Gaston July 14 – 24 Category 4 hurricane 155 (250) 931 Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago, Jamaica, Mexico (especially Yucatan Peninsula and Veracruz) $15 billion 220
Hermine July 15 – 22 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1000 Bahamas, Florida, Georgia, Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Newfoundland Minimal None
Ian July 25 – 28 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 989 Florida, Georgia, Northeastern U.S., Quebec $20 billion 20
Julia July 30 – August 4 Tropical storm 65 (100) 996 None None None
Eleven August 1 – 3 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1004 Cape Verde Islands Minimal None
Karl August 2 – 10 Category 4 hurricane 130 (215) 955 Azores Minimal None
Lisa August 6 – 14 Category 3 hurricane 125 (205) 960 Turks and Caicos Islands, Bahamas, Bermuda $300 million None
Martin August 8 – 23 Category 5 hurricane 165 (270) 925 Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, St Barthélemy, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, North Carolina, Northeastern U.S., New Brunswick, Newfoundland $40 billion 220
Nicole August 12 – 18 Tropical storm 60 (95) 998 Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi $400 million None
Owen August 12 – 20 Tropical storm 40 (65) 1001 Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas Minimal None
Paula August 16 – 30 Category 2 hurricane 110 (175) 962 Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Cuba, Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas $60 billion 44
Richard August 21 – 25 Category 2 hurricane 110 (175) 966 None None None
Shary September 2 – 13 Category 5 hurricane 180 (285) 899 Barbados, Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, ABC Islands, Venezuela, Colombia, Nicaragua, Honduras, Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas $150 billion 1,107
Tobias September 3 – 18 Category 4 hurricane 145(230) 930 Bermuda, Northeastern U.S., New Brunswick, Newfoundland $120 billion 227
Virginie September 4 – 9 Category 4 hurricane 155 (250) 936 Bahamas, Florida, Louisiana $220 billion 556
Walter September 5 – October 23 Category 4 hurricane 155 (250) 935 Barbados, St, Vincent and the Grenadines, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Turks and Caicos Islands, Bahamas, Bermuda, Ireland, United Kingdom, Norway $100 billion 220
Alpha September 6 – 10 Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 952 Azores, Iberian Peninsula $200 million None
Beta September 7 – 16 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 967 Newfoundland $50 million None
Gamma September 17 – 30 Category 5 hurricane 175 (280) 929 Martinique, St. Lucia, Dominica, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee $210 billion 526
Delta September 19 – October 1 Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 946 Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, Anguilla, Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Turks and Caicos, Bahamas, Florida, The Carolinas, Northeastern U.S., Nova Scotia $150 billion 2,207
Epsilon September 21 – 26 Category 2 hurricane 105 (165) 972 Azores, France $110 million None
Zeta September 25 – 29 (exited basin) Category 3 hurricane 115 (185) 969 Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama $500 million 602
Eta September 28 – 28 Tropical storm 60 (95) 1001 France, England, Belgium, Netherlands $70 million None
Theta October 9 – 23 Category 1 hurricane 90 (150) 987 Azores, Madeira, Iberian Peninsula $20 million None
Iota October 11 – 14 Tropical storm 60 (95) 999 Central America, Cuba, Florida, Georgia Minimal None
Kappa October 12 – 23 Category 3 hurricane 125 (205) 959 Dominica, Martinique, Guadeloupe, St. Lucia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Cuba, Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas, Virginia $50 billion 93
Lambda October 15 – 21 Category 2 hurricane 100 (155) 980 Bahamas, Outer Banks, Massachusetts, Nova Scotia $300 million None
Mu October 22 – 26 Category 1 hurricane 75 (120) 990 None None None
Nu October 25 – 27 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1004 Bahamas, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina $10 million None
Xi October 27 – November 1 Category 4 hurricane 155 (250) 926 Honduras, Belize, Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas $30 billion 117
Omicron October 29 – November 3 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 987 Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Hispaniola, Cuba, Bahamas $200 million 43
Thirty-Eight November 7 – 9 Tropical depression 35 (55) 1007 Northeastern U.S Minimal None
Pi November 11 – 14 Tropical storm 65 (100) 998 Bermuda Minimal None
Rho November 19 – 23 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1002 Outer Banks Minimal None
Sigma November 24 – December 3 Category 5 hurricane 175 (280) 910 Honduras, Nicaragua, Yucatan Peninsula, Belize, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Bahamas $20 billion 107
Tau December 7 – 13 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1000 Honduras, Nicaragua, Cuba, Florida, Georgia, The Carolinas, Northeastern U.S. Minimal None
Upsilon December 22 – January 4 Category 1 hurricane 90 (150) 978 Ireland, Wales, England $250 million None
Phi December 26 – January 1 Tropical storm 60 (95) 1003 The Carolinas, Newfoundland $5 billion 47
Season Aggregates
44 systems March 17 –
January 4, 2023
  180 (285) 899 $1.3 trillion 7,035

Storm names

The following list of names was used to name storms that formed in the North Atlantic in 2022. The names not retired from this list will be used again until the 2028 season. This is the same list used in 2016 except for Martin and Owen, which replaced Matthew and Otto. The names Martin, Owen, Tobias, Virginie and Walter was used for the first time (and only time for Martin, Tobias, Virginie, and Walter) this season.

  • Alex
  • Bonnie
  • Colin
  • Danielle
  • Earl
  • Fiona
  • Gaston
  • Hermine
  • Ian
  • Julia
  • Karl
  • Lisa
  • Martin
  • Nicole
  • Owen
  • Paula
  • Richard
  • Shary
  • Tobias
  • Virginie
  • Walter

Due to extreme activity, the Greek alphabet had to be used for the third time in history, after the 2005 and 2020 seasons. 21 letters of the Greek alphabet were used up during the season.

  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Gamma
  • Delta
  • Epsilon
  • Zeta
  • Eta
  • Theta
  • Iota
  • Kappa
  • Lambda
  • Mu
  • Nu
  • Xi
  • Omicron
  • Pi
  • Rho
  • Sigma
  • Tau
  • Upsilon
  • Phi
  • Chi (unused)
  • Psi (unused)
  • Omega (unused)

Retirement

Due to catastrophic damage and deaths, the names Bonnie, Fiona, Gaston, Ian, Martin, Paula, Shary, Tobias, Virginie and Walter were officially retired, and will never be used again for an Atlantic hurricane. They were replaced by Brianna, Felicity, George, Immanuel, Milo, Pearl, Sandra, Timothy, Victoria, and Wilbur for the 2028 season. Meanwhile, the letters Gamma, Delta, Zeta, Kappa, Xi, Sigma, and Phi were retired for this particular season but could be reused again in the future if needed.

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