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The Mediterranean and Black Sea cyclone season is a yearly tropical cyclone season that occurs in the Mediterranean Sea and additionally, to Black Sea.

Names

The naming list consists of mostly Slavic, Arab, Romance and Turkish origins, in which comprises all countries that surround the Mediterranean and Black Sea. These countries include Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Montenegro, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia, Georgia, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. 

Name Backgrounds

  • Spanish
  • French
  • Italian
  • Slovene
  • Serbo-Croatian
  • Bosnian
  • Albanian
  • Greek
  • Bulgarian
  • Romanian
  • Ukrainian
  • Russian
  • Georgian
  • Turkish
  • Israeli
  • Arab

1979

List 1
Abdelaziz Brunella Casmiro Djamila Erekle Fatima Gamal Halyna Ion Josèphe Khaled
Layla Mustafa Nergis Oussama Polina Radoslav Silvia Temel Veriko Younes Zlata
List 2
Aneliya Borislav Constanța Donatello Erva Flamur Grozda Hamza Ines Jurica Katerina
Ladislav Mihaela Nasser Orianne Pàulu Ruslana Süleyman Tiziana Vincenzo Yasmin Zinedine
List 3
Alain  Bahiya Charalambos Dulce Esmail Feodora Giovanni Hülya Ismet Jawahir Kiril
Liliya Mahmud Natalija Osman Pasqualina Rahman Stanislava Tamar Vitaliya Yiğit Zipporah
List 4
Amirah Bashar

Çiğdem

Dionysios Efthymia Faisal Géraldine Hugues Ioanna Jair Khalifa
Luigi Makvala Neofytos Oksana Pavel Rafiqa Samuel Tihomira Virgiliu Yaroslava Zeki
List 5
Alessandro Betül Cristiano Devorah Enzo Frančiška Giorgi Hazna Ilyes Jacinta Konstantinos
Lourdes Malachi Naziha Orazio Pénélope Raffaele  Sharifah Tariq Vlatka Yusuf Zaynab
List 6
Afërdita Brahim Chryssa Dimitar Evgenia Fabrizio Güçin Hussein Izdihar Jamal Kornelija
Lavrentiy Meriem Niccolò Olimpia Pjetër Rosalinda Salman Tetyana Volodymyr Yonina Zviad

2020

List 1
Abdelaziz Brunella Cornelio Djamila Emil Fatima Gamal Halyna Iancu Jacqueline Kareem
Layla Mustafa Nergis Oussama Polina Roman Silvia Temel Vesna Younes Zlata
List 2
Aneliya Borislav Cassandra Donatello Eylül Farid Gianna Hamza Ines Josip Katerina
Ladislav Marilena Nazario Orsina Panos Ruslana Süleyman Tiziana Vincenzo Yolanda Zinedine
List 3
Alain  Bushra Charalambos Doretta Endrit Firüzä Giovanni Hülya Ismet Jawahir Kiril
Larisa Mahmud Nerina Othman Pasqualina Rahman Stanislava Tamar Vitaliya Yiğit Zipporah
List 4
Aisha Bashar Çiğdem Dionysios Efthymia Faisal Germaine Herecules Ioanna Jair Khayriyya
Luigi Marika Neofytos Olesya Pavel Rachida Sesto Tihomira Virgiliu Yaroslava Zeki
List 5
Alessandro Betül Cristiano Devorah Enzo Franka Giorgi Hayfa Ibraheem Jelena Konstantinos
Lourdes Michaelis Noèle Orazio Pénélope Raffaele  Sharifah Tariq Vlatka Yusuf Zaynab
List 6
Afërdita Brahim Chiara Dimitar Elvira Fabrizio Güçin Hussein Isra Jamal Kyriaki
Lavrentiy Mira Niccolò Ognyana Pandeli Rosalinda Salman Tetyana Volodymyr Yonina Zviad

Timelines

1979

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Ion - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 935 millibars
  • Gamal - 220 km/hr (140 mph), 948 millibars

1980

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Jurica - Josip

Strongest Storms

  • Jurica - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 934 millibars
  • Ladislav - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 942 millibars

1981

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Esmail - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 927 millibars
  • Charalambos - 155 km/hr (100 mph), 966 millibars

1982

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Makvala - Marika
  • Oksana - Olesya
  • Samuel - Sesto

Strongest Storms

  • Oksana - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 921 millibars
  • Makvala - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 932 millibars

1983

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Jacinta - Jamila
  • Lourdes - Lena

Strongest Storms

  • Orazio - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 929 millibars
  • Lourdes - 220 km/hr (140 mph), 935 millibars

1984

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Evegnia - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 935 millibars
  • Kornelija - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 946 millibars

1985

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Erekle - Emil
  • Veriko - Vesna

Strongest Storms

  • Erekle - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 926 millibars
  • Oussama - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 931 millibars

1986

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Nasser - Nizar

Strongest Storms

  • Nasser - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 922 millibars
  • Katerina - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 935 millibars

1987

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Liliya - Larisa

Strongest Storms

  • Ismet - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 929 millibars
  • Jawahir - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 931 millibar

1988

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Faisal - 195 km/hr (115 mph), 956 millibars
  • Khalifa - - 185 km/hr (115 mph), 964 millibar

1989

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Frančiška - Franka
  • Malachi - Michalis

Strongest Storms

  • Raffaele - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 926 millibars
  • Enzo - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 932 millibars
  • Cristiano - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 938 millibars

1990

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Pjetër - Pandeli

Strongest Storms

  • Pjetër - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 921 millibars
  • Hussein - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 934 millibars

1991

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Djamila - 215 km/hr (130 mph), 952 millibars
  • Halyna - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 949 millibars

1992

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Grozda - Gianna
  • Mihaela - Marilena
  • Pàulu - Panos
  • Yasmin - Yolanda

Strongest Storms

  • Yasmin - 305 km/hr (190 mph), 894 millibars
  • Vincenzo - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 921 millibars
  • Mihaela - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 931 millibars
  • Ladislav - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 935 millibars

1993

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Osman - Othman

Strongest Storms

  • Osman - 215 km/hr (130 mph), 953 millibars
  • Larisa - 175 km/hr (110 mph), 967 millibar

1994

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Amirah - Aisha

Strongest Storms

  • Amirah - 220 km/hr (140 mph), 944 millibars
  • Jair - 175 km/hr (110 mph), 962 millibar

1995

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Konstantinos - 220 km/hr (140 mph), 944 millibars
  • Michaelis - 175 km/hr (110 mph), 962 millibar

1996

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Chryssa - Chiara
  • Izdihar - Isra
  • Kornelija - Kyriaki

Strongest Storms

  • Chryssa - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 928 millibars
  • Dimitar - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 936 millibar

1997

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Casmiro - Cornelio
  • Josèphe - Jacqueline
  • Radoslav - Rafail

Strongest Storms

  • Josèphe - 295 km/hr (185 mph), 902 millibars
  • Emil - 285 km/hr (180 mph), 914 millibar

1998

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Borislav - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 931 millibars
  • Josip - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 943 millibar

1999

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Bahiya - Bushra
  • Hülya - Hazal

Strongest Storms

  • Hülya - 215 km/hr (130 mph), 946 millibars
  • Bahiya - 185 km/hr (115 mph), 967 millibar

2000

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Géraldine - Germaine
  • Hugues - Herecules
  • Rafiqa - Rachida

Strongest Storms

  • Géraldine - 280 km/hr (175 mph), 915 millibars
  • Rafiqa - 270 km/hr (165 mph), 923 millibars

2001

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Hazna - Husniya

Strongest Storms

  • Hazna - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 920 millibars
  • Devorah - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 961 millibar

2002

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Jamal - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 928 millibars
  • Olimpia - 195 km/hr (120 mph), 953 millibar

2003

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Ion - Iancu
  • Khaled - Kareem

Strongest Storms

  • Ion - 285 km/hr (180 mph), 911 millibars
  • Oussama - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 931 millibar

2004

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Erva - Eylül
  • Orianne - Orsina

Strongest Storms

  • Panos - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 934 millibars
  • Marilena - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 941 millibar

2005

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired

Strongest Storms

  • Bushra - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 928 millibars
  • Charalambos - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 936 millibar

2006

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Faisal - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 936 millibars
  • Ioanna - 165 km/hr (105 mph), 963 millibars

2007

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Ilyes - Imran
  • Naziha - Noèle

Strongest Storms

  • Ilyes - 220 km/hr (140 mph), 939 millibars
  • Enzo - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 954 millibar

2008

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Evegnia - Elvira
  • Meriem - Mira
  • Olimpia - Ognyana

Strongest Storms

  • Olimpia - 260 km/hr (160 mph), 918 millibars
  • Kyriaki - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 933 millibar

2009

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired.

Strongest Storms

  • Jacqueline - 215 km/hr (130 mph), 948 millibars
  • Nergis - 205 km/hr (125 mph), 952 millibar

2010

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Constanța - Cassandra
  • Flamur - Farid

Strongest Storms

  • Constanța- 270 km/hr (165 mph), 926 millibars
  • Flamur- 250 km/hr (155 mph), 932 millibar

2011

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Feodora - Firüzä
  • Natalija - Nerina

Strongest Storms

  • Natalija - 240 km/hr (130 mph), 931 millibars
  • Hazal - 195 km/hr (120 mph), 958 millibar

2012

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Khalifa - Khayriyya

Strongest Storms

  • Khalifa- 240 km/hr (145 mph), 926 millibars
  • Marika - 205 km/hr (105 mph), 961 millibars

2013

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Jamila - Jelena

Strongest Storms

  • Jamila- 285 km/hr (180 mph), 911 millibars
  • Cristiano - 195 km/hr (120 mph), 957 millibar

2014

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired

Strongest Storms

  • Jamal- 260 km/hr (160 mph), 918 millibars
  • Hussein - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 933 millibar

2015

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Fatima - Federica
  • Rafail - Roman

Strongest Storms

  • Rafail - 315 km/hr (195 mph), 887 millibars
  • Nergis - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 942 millibar

2016

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Nizar - Nazario

Strongest Storms

  • Ruslana- 250 km/hr (155 mph), 928 millibars
  • Marilena- 240 km/hr (150 mph), 936 millibar

2017

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Dulce - Doretta
  • Esmail - Endrit

Strongest Storms

  • Dulce - 250 km/hr (155 mph), 928 millibars
  • Hazal - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 942 millibar

2018

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

No names retired

Strongest Storms

  • Efthymia - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 936 millibars
  • Luigi - 230 km/hr (145 mph), 944 millibars

2019

  Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

Retirement

  • Husniya - Hayfa
  • Imran - Ibraheem

Strongest Storms

  • Imran - 280 km/hr (175 mph), 911 millibars
  • Betül - 240 km/hr (150 mph), 932 millibar
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